Showing 1-21 of 21 results

Advanced Search

Memoranda Files of Director Christopher R. Willoughby

This sub-series is a collection of memoranda and related records compiled by Christopher R. Willoughby who was among the first employees of the Operations Evaluation Unit and was appointed the first director of the Operations Evaluation Department in July 1973.

  • The first set of files consists of memoranda (dated November 1970 - November 1972; February - April 1973; and February - August 1975) sent to President Robert McNamara from Christopher R. Willoughby and also John Adler, who was director when the Operation Evaluation Unit was established in 1970. The memoranda concern the early workings of Operations Evaluation including: the decision to begin with an in-depth look at the Bank's work in one country, Colombia, and in one sector, electrical power; the development of the format for these first two reports; progress reports on the work of the unit and on the development of future work programs; and the relationship between evaluation and supervision. Some of the original memoranda to McNamara were returned to Operations Evaluation marked with a red stamp indicating President has seen. One long memorandum for the record summarizes the January 1971 visit with the Colombia Operations Evaluation team of Dr. Lauchlin Currie who headed the Bank's General Survey Mission to Colombia in 1949. Included in this first set of files are handwritten notes and memoranda for the record summarizing meetings Willoughby and others had with McNamara.

The second set of files consists of memoranda (dated April 1970 - February 1976) sent and received by Willoughby and his copies of key memoranda documenting the development of the operations evaluation function and the changing position of the Operations Evaluation staff within the Bank. Included are Willoughby's handwritten drafts and final copies of the key issuances affecting Operations Evaluation and his notes from key meetings. One folder contains Willoughby's drafts of a September 29, 1975 memoranda from Mohamed Shoaib, Vice President, Operations Evaluation Division, outlining the history of the evaluation function from 1971 to 1975.

Subject Files of the Directors, Operations Evaluation

This sub-series contains reports, correspondence, and studies compiled by the Directors of OED (OEDDR). Most of the files contain comments from OED staff members and/or the director on draft documents from other Bank employees. Filed under General Comments on Review of Field Staff Benefits are OED comments on various Bank documents, 1995-1998. Key topics covered by other files include: OED staff views on the dissemination and use of OED findings (filed under Dissemination); ratings of the Narmada and Kedung Ombo Completion Reports (filed under Narmada); reports of the Joint Audit Committee Informal Subcommittee on OED Reports; a select review of OED by the Internal Auditing Department planned for 1996; plans for an OED study of NGOs; OED collaboration with the Economic Development Institute (now WBI); joint OED/Operations Policy Department reports on the quality of economic analysis in staff appraisal reports for projects approved 1993 - 1997 (filed under Economic Analysis, Econ III and Econ IV and Economic Analysis: Correspondence); a 1996 proposal for simplified project documentation for investment operations (filed under Simplified Documentation); and OED staff retreats for December 15-17, 1987, November 29-December 1, 1989, June 26-28, 1991, and September 8-10, 1993. These retreat files contain agenda and schedules, copies of documents discussed at the retreats, copies of presentations, and post-retreat evaluation forms.

Filed under Portfolio Management are: memoranda regarding funding arrangements for OED studies and on borrowers' interest in ex-post evaluations; OED staff comments on the draft Wapenhans Report and on the draft chapter concerning OED; and copies of minutes of the Task Force Steering Committee on which Eberhard Kopp served. Filed under Streamlining Bank Procedures are memoranda and correspondence Kopp compiled in 1985 and 1986 before he became OEDDR Director and while he was a member of Working Group #3 of the Task Force on Streamlining Bank Procedures.

Correspondence with Industrialized Nations Regarding Evaluations

This sub-series contains correspondence and other records exchanged between OED staff and officials located in industrialized countries who were responsible for, or interested in, monitoring and evaluation processes. Included is correspondence with officials in the Netherlands, Germany, Canada, Australia, Sweden, Denmark, France, Japan, Saudi Arabia, Ireland, Greece, Austria, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Most of the correspondence is with the Director of OED, the Director-General, Operations Evaluation (DGO), and the DGO's advisors, Robert van der Lugt and Pablo Guerrero, who were responsible for developing evaluation capacity in member countries. The correspondence concerns: requests for information regarding OED's evaluation policies and procedures or assistance in conducting an evaluation; exchanges of evaluation methodologies; international seminars on evaluation; visits of OED staff to other countries to conduct an evaluation or to attend an evaluation conference or seminar; and visits toOED of evaluation officials from abroad. Included are copies of other countries' studies, reports, and manuals regarding evaluations and evaluation methods.

The U.S. correspondence is with officials in the U. S. Agency for International Development (AID), the General Accounting Office (GAO), and the Department of Treasury; most are copies of records that are presumably located elsewhere in OED and Bank records. The US AID correspondence primarily concerns exchanges of policy papers, studies and reports onevaluation guidelines. The GAO correspondence relates to 1977, 1981, and 1991 congressionally required GAO reviews of the independent evaluation system of the Bank and a 1996 GAO review of the overall role of the World Bank in a post-Cold War environment.

The earliest GAO file contains documents assembled by OED Director Christopher R. Willoughby in 1973 and 1974 following release of the 1973 GAO report on U.S. participation in World Bank. Included in the file are a number of documents from Bank PresidentRobert McNamara, Vice President Mohamed Shoaib, the U.S. Executive Director Charles O. Sethness, and Willoughby, discussing the audit and evaluation functions in the Bank and proposed changes in the structure and function of Operations Evaluation.

The Department of Treasury file concerns the department's 1971-1973 interest in the evaluation function of the Bank and Treasury's support of the GAO recommendation for the establishment of an independent review body to evaluate the Bank's activities.

Shared Subject Files of the Directors-General, Operations Evaluation (DGO), and the Directors, Operations Evaluation Department (OEDDR)

The files in this sub-series contain documents maintained by both DGO and OEDDR, and much of the content of this series is duplicated elsewhere, especially in the files for OED studies and process reviews.

Most of the files relate to the work of OED, but some, which concern non-OED matters, contain records from other Bank units that were forwarded to the DGO/OEDDR for comment or as a result of a general distribution to high-level Bank staff. Most of the files fall under one of two general headings: 1) Management and Oversight and 2) External Affairs. The Management and Oversight files concern issues involving the President, Executive Directors, members of the Committee on Development Effectiveness (CODE), and Bank Vice Presidents. Included are: correspondence with CODE members; copies of reports from OED that went to CODE and to the Executive Directors; intra-OED correspondence regarding preparation for meetings with CODE members and the Executive Directors; OED's response to a draft of the 1996 audit of OED by the Internal Auditing Department; agenda and minutes of OVP (Operations, Vice Presidents) meetings and retreats; intra-OED correspondence regarding the DGO's comments on records and topics to be discussed at OVP meetings; correspondence with Managing Directors and copies of records to be discussed with the Directors; files documenting OED preparations for briefings and/or briefing papers provided to President Wolfensohn on his arrival at the Bank and prior to some of his overseas trips; OED's contributions to the observance of the 50th anniversary of the Bank and comments from the DGO and OED staff on draft chapters of the Brookings Institution's history of the Bank; and agenda and background documents relating to the 1995 OED management team retreats. Under Clusters are files coordinating work on a study (or a broad area of interest) assigned to a specific OED Division (i.e., OEDCM, OEDCR, and OEDST).

Under External Affairs are files concerning the DGO's and OEDDR's interaction with, or reports regarding: IFC and MIGA staff; international aid organizations; evaluation organizations; the US General Accounting Office; the World Commission on Large Dams; NGOs; the Multilateral Development Banks; the members of the DAC Expert Group on Aid Evaluation (filed under OECD-Development Assistance Committee); and other Bank units and departments. Filed under Liaison with other OED Units - OEDDR is a chronological file of correspondence, 1988 - 1996, between the DGO and OEDDR or between OEDDR and other Bank units.

Subject Files of the OED Directors (OEDDR) Relating to Policies and Procedures Affecting OED Programs

The files in this sub-series, compiled by the Directors of OED (OEDDR), outline the policies and procedures affecting OED programs and work products. Included in the first segment (1970 - 1994) are files concerning: the Project Completion Report / Project Performance Audit Report (PCR/PPAR) evaluation system and the pass-through procedures for PCRs that began in 1982; the dissemination and use of OED findings; the various revisions of the Procedural Guidelines for Operations Evaluation Staff and of the chapters in the Operational Manual regarding Project Completion Report / Implementation Completion Report (PCR/ICR) guidelines and project supervision in the Bank; the development and use of the Project Information Form (PIF); the development of OED's evaluation seminars; and the role of environmental issues in Bank evaluations. One file (Lessons Learnt from Project Performance Audit Reports - Agriculture) contains the OEDDR's copies of memoranda dated December 1980 to July 1986 from the Assistant Director ofthe Agriculture and Rural Development Department (AGR) to AGR division chiefs outlining the lessons learned from reviews of Agricultural PCRs and PPARs. Another file (Operations Evaluation Department - General) contains copies of key documents in the history of OED from 1970 to 1988.

Much of the second segment (1985 - 2001) contains documentation regarding the Bankwide ICR Process Review Working Group which was co-chaired by OED Director Elizabeth McCallister and was established in December 1997 to make the ICR process more efficient, effective, and timely. The records for the working group include agenda and minutes of meetings, various drafts of the group's final report, comments on the drafts, and intra-OED correspondence on the workings of the group. Other files contain: correspondence concerning changes in the PIF and instructions for completing the form; intra-OED correspondence regarding the discrepancy between OED and Regional project ratings (PPAR-Project Ratings); internal OED e-mail discussions of the ICR review process and the development of the ICR Evaluation Summary form; intra-OED correspondence regarding specific ICR reviews; draft ICR guidelines and comments on them; revisions to the OED handbook, Procedural Guidelines for Operations Evaluation Staff (Guidelines - Amendments); the drafts of a style manual standardizing the format for OED reports; and a proposal for dealing with the workflow problems associated with ICR bunching, i.e. the receipt of the majority of ICRs during the months of May, June, and July. Filed under PPAR - General is a copy of July 1995 Performance Audit Guidance, which was prepared by the OED Audit Guidance Working Group in 1995.

Subject Files of Directors-General, Operations Evaluation, Relating to Policies and Procedures Affecting OED Programs

This sub-series contains correspondence and reports of the DGO that established policies and procedures regarding OED's programs and work products. Most of the records were compiled by Robert Picciotto, but a few early files contain correspondence of Directors-General Shiv Kapur and Yves Rovani. Much of the DGO's correspondence is with the Director of OED and OED staff or with Pablo Guerrero, special advisor and assistant to the DGO. The files contain information regarding: OED procedures and criteria for reviewing Project Completion Reports (PCRs) and Implementation Completion Reports (ICRs) (under ratings and PCR review process); evaluation capacity training for OED staff, other Bank staff, and external Bank partners (under training); procedures and standards for Country Assistance Reviews (CARs) and Country Assistance Notes (CANs) (under country assistance work); OED special studies and OED impact evaluations; the format and content of new OED issuances and tools designed to disseminate lessons learned from OED's evaluation work (under Lessons & Practices, Evaluation in the World Bank [WB] booklet, Policy Ledger, and Evaluation Text Base); revisions of the Project Information Form (PIF) and instructions for using it; the disclosure and publication of evaluation results; and the PCR (and later the ICR) backlog in each region. Filed under Initial Executive Project Summaries (IEPS) are OED procedures for reviewing IEPSs for proposed operations and copies of OED comments on specific IEPSs and responses from the Regions regarding the OED comments.

Much of this sub-series consists of the DGO's copies of records from a number of working groups and task forces that affected the work of OED. Particularly extensive are the records regarding the Task Force on Evaluation Capacity Development (ECD) in Developing Countries which was established in 1992 to design mechanisms to assist member countries in enhancing their post evaluation capacities. Pablo Guerrero was the DGO/OED member on the Task Force. A file labeled PCR Task Force contains copies of records relating to three groups established to review the PCR process: 1) the Committee on the Revision of the PCR, Audit, and Pass-Through Procedures which met in 1986; 2) the Working Group on Project Completion Reports which was established in January 1988 and sent its report to the Joint Audit Committee (JAC) in January 1989; and 3) the joint OED/Operations Review Panel on Project Completion Reporting which was established in November 1990 and sent its report to JAC in June 1991. Other groups whose work is documented in these files are the Bankwide ICR Process Review Working Group, which met in 1998 to make the ICR process more efficient, effective, and timely, and the Working Group on Evaluation Dissemination, which was established in fiscal year 1994 to review the Bank's experience in incorporating evaluation results into new operations. It issued its final report in June 1996.

Records of Retreats for the Departmental Management Team and for the DGO/OED Staff

This sub-series contains records documenting Departmental Management Team retreats for: July 1996; March, October, and November 1998; October 2000; and the retreats for the entire DGO/OED staff for October 1997, October 1998, January 1999, and January 2000. The content of the files for each retreat varies, but the more complete files include: intra-OED correspondence planning the retreat; copies of invitations sent to non-OED retreat speakers; handwritten notes documenting the retreat proceedings; retreat agenda; copies of articles provided as background reading and of documents to be discussed at the retreat; paper copies made from computer-assisted presentations; and post-retreat issuances summarizing specific retreat sessions and containing typed versions of the flip charts generated during retreat sessions.

Agenda, Minutes, and Other Records of Weekly Departmental Management Team Meetings

This sub-series contains records documenting the weekly meetings of the Departmental Management Team (DMT) which consisted of the Director of OED, the directors of the OED Departments, and some support staff. The files generally contain handwritten notes of the meeting's proceedings, meeting agenda, copies of documents discussed at the meetings, and typed minutes of the preceding meeting. The typed minutes are columnar in format and for each topic covered show a summary of the discussion, the follow-up action required, the staff member responsible for the action, and the expected date of completion for the action. The files for many of the 2002 meetings do not contain minutes.

Notes, Agenda, and Other Records of Departmental Staff Meetings

This sub-series contains records documenting departmental staff meetings which were attended by all DGO/OED managers, regular OED staff, OED consultants, and temporary OED staff. The files contain: agendas; copies of documents discussed at the meetings; paper copies made from computer-assisted presentations; and handwritten notes of the meeting proceedings.

Working Files of the Directors, Operations Evaluation Department (OEDDR), for the Annual Review of Evaluation Results (ARER)

This sub-series contains the working files of the Directors, Operations Evaluation Department (OEDDR), relating to the drafting of the 1st - 16th (1975 - 1990), and 18th - 20th (1992 - 1994) Annual Review of Evaluation Results (ARER). The content of these files varies somewhat but a typical file contains: correspondence among the OED division chiefs and among members of the Annual Review team regarding the format and content of the Review; OEDDR's correspondence with other Bank units requesting their inputfor the Review; a draft of the Review; comments on the draft from the Director-General (DGO), OED staff, and other Bank officials; OED replies to the comments; copies of the comments the DGO made to the Executive Directors at the Board meeting at which the Review was discussed; minutes of meetings of the Joint Audit Committee at which the Review was discussed; and summaries of discussions of the Review at meetings of the Joint Audit Committee and of the Executive Directors.

Filed at the beginning of the sub-series are notes of a December 1982 meeting held to discuss the publishing of OED impact evaluation reports and edited versions of the Annual Reviews for readers outside the Bank. A copy of an article from Consulting Engineer, September 1978, discussing the first Annual Review and the organization of OED is found in the file for the third Annual Review.

Working Files of the Directors-General, Operations Evaluation (DGO), for the Annual Review of Evaluation Results (ARER)

This sub-series contains the working files of the Directors-General, Operations Evaluation (DGO), documenting the drafting of the Annual Review of Evaluation Results (ARER) for 1981 - 1993. The files for 1981 - 1984 primarily contain correspondence with OED staff members and with staff in the Agriculture and Rural Development Department concerning input for the agricultural section of the report. The later files concern input for the entire report.

Most of the documents found in this series are duplicatedin WB IBRD/IDA OPE-04-01 (Annual Review Working Files of the Directors, Operations Evaluation Department [OEDDR]), but a few are unique to this series. In some cases, the DGO corresponded directly with the President or with other Bank Vice Presidents regarding the Annual Review without copying OEDDR or forwarding copies of the related replies to OEDDR. In other cases, his special assistants answered Annual Review inquiries, and their correspondence is not duplicated in the OEDDR files.

Working Files of the Directors, Operations Evaluation Department (OEDDR), for the Annual Reports on Operations Evaluation (AROE)

This sub-series contains the working files of the Director, Operations Evaluation Department (OEDDR), documenting the drafting of the Annual Reports on Operations Evaluation (AROE) for 1983 - 1985. The files primarily contain electrostatic copies of the correspondence of Alexander F. Kirk, chief of OEDD3, the unit assigned responsibility for compiling the report. Included are: memoranda from the sectors, regions, and other Bank units containing information for possible inclusion in the reports; intra-OED memoranda regarding the content and format of the reports; drafts of the reports and comments on the drafts; copies of the statements the Director-General, Operations Evaluation (DGO), made regarding the reports to the Executive Directors; and minutes of the meetings of the Executive Directors at which the AROE and the Annual Review of Project Performance Results were discussed. Also included is information regarding the input OED provided to the Bank's Annual Report.

Working Files of the Directors-General, Operations Evaluation (DGO), for the Annual Reports on Operations Evaluation (AROE)

This sub-series contains the working files of the Directors-General, Operations Evaluation (DGO), that relate to the drafting of the Annual Report on Operations Evaluation (AROE). The files generally contain: copies of the DGO's correspondence with other Bank units (the Regional units, the Sectors, the Economic Development Institute, and IFC's evaluation unit) regarding their contributions to the report; draft initiating notes and outlines for the report; notes to the OED Management Team and other intra-OED memoranda regarding the report; comments on drafts of the report; copies of the draft management response to the report; printing requests for the report; copies of the DGO's statement to the Executive Directors regarding the report; summaries of discussions of the report at meetings of the Executive Directors; and post-publication correspondence regarding the report. Files for reports generated under DGOs Kapur and Picciotto consist almost exclusively of electrostatic copies; files for DGO Rovani containoriginal documents.

Working Files of the Directors-General (DGO), and the Directors (OEDDR), for the 1994 - 2000 ARDE and for the 1993 - 1999 AROE

This sub-series contains the shared working files of the Directors-General, Operations Evaluation (DGO), and the Directors, Operations Evaluation Department (OEDDR), for the Annual Reviews of Development Effectiveness (ARDE) for the years 1994 - 2000 and for the Annual Reports on Operations Evaluation (AROE) for 1993 - 1999. Most of the records in the sub-series are electrostatic copies of DGO Robert Picciotto's correspondence and copies of various drafts of the reports that he received, but there are alsosome original records from the OED Directors. The sub-series also includes an OEDDR-only file for the AROE for 1998.

The AROE files generally contain: draft initiating notes and outlines for the report; intra-OED memoranda regarding the report drafting process; comments on drafts of the report; copies of the draft management response to the report; and copies of the DGO's statement to the Executive Directors regarding both the AROE and the ARDE.

The ARDE files generally include: intra-OED memoranda regarding the report's format and content; drafts of the approach paper and design paper; comments on the draft report from Bank staff; copies of statements regarding the report from the DGO, the chair of CODE, and various Executive Directors; paper copies of slides used in computer-assisted presentations regarding the report; press releases; and copies of OED Reach, OED's Fast Track Brief, and OED Precis containing articles regarding ARDE. The files for ARDE 2000 include several items of 2002 OED correspondenceregarding the approach paper for the 2002 report.

Early special evaluation studies working files

The sub-series consists of the working files for special studies and evaluation reviews conducted by OED and its predecessor organization, the Operations Evaluation Unit (later Division) of the Programming and Budgeting Department, prior to the formation of sector-specific divisions in 1983. Reports include sector, country, management, and policy studies.

The series includes the first two evaluation studies conducted by the Operations Evaluation Unit. These studies included a deep study of everything the Bank had done in one country, Colombia, and a wide study evaluating loans to a number of countries in one sector, the electric power sector. The files for the first country study, Bank Operations in Colombia: An Evaluation, Report No. Z-18, 1972, also include a draft and final version of the 1975 Closing Report to Colombia Evaluation which was a follow-up review of the 1972 study to assess what progress had been made on the recommendations contained in the 1972 study. The files for the first sector study, Operations Evaluation Report: Electric Power, Report No. Z-17, 1972, include the 1975 follow-up report, Closing Report on Actions Relating to Recommendations of the Electric Power Evaluation Report of March 1972.

Other sector studies included in this series are: a comparative highway evaluation study; a Development Finance Companies study; a Bank lending for agriculture credit study; reviews of agricultural and rural development programs in Indonesia and the Philippines; and a review of rural development projects in Sub-Saharan Africa. The Department's first three management policy reviews are included and address delays in loan and credit effectiveness, delays in project preparation, and the role and use of consultants. Early operational policy reviews cover project implementation, supervision of Bank projects, and compliance with loan covenants. This series also includes files for OED studies of project monitoring and evaluation and technical assistance pilot evaluation studies conducted in Kenya and Afghanistan.

The study files in this series often contain earlier Bank documents, some dated as early as 1957, relating to the subject of the study. The compilers of these early studies established the practice of soliciting comments on draft studies and reports from all interested parties in the Bank and in the client countries, and most of these study files contain both a series of drafts and the related comments.

Agriculture and Human Development Division (OEDD1) special evaluation studies working files

The sub-series contains the working files for special studies generated by the Agriculture and Human Development Division (OEDD1) and its predecessors: the Agriculture and Family Planning Division; the Agriculture and Human Resources Division; and the Agriculture, Infrastructure and Human Resources Division. Included are files for process, policy, and thematic studies as well as sector studies concerning agriculture, education, population, and human resources projects and issues. Specifically, reports focus on: agricultural research and education; Bank project supervision; training included in Bank financed projects; population programs; Bank lending policy for plantation crops; agriculture projects in Sub-Saharan Africa; renewable resource management issues; gender issues in Bank lending; human resource framework for Bank projects; fertility decline; Bank lending for agricultural credit and rural finance; poverty alleviation; and the Bank's experience with government sponsored land settlement with irrigation development, agricultural marketing, and rural development.

Of special note are the files regarding the Narmada Project. It appears that OEDD1 began assembling many of the Narmada materials in this sub-series in 1991 when Bank President Conable commissioned in September of that year an independent review of two Bank-funded projects, Sardar Sarovar Dam and Power Project (Credit 1552; Loan 2497) and Sardar Sarovar Water Delivery and Drainage Project (Credit 1553), referred to collectively as the Narmada Project because of the relationship of the projects to the Narmada River in India.

Included in this sub-series are working files for a small number of OEDD1 Impact Evaluation Reports (IERs) covering: an irrigation project in Sri Lanka; a settlement project in the Terres Nueves region of Senegal; a Benin agricultural project; a cotton development project in Burkina Faso, Cote d'Ivoire, and Togo; education projects in Colombia, Indonesia, and Malawi; and others. There are also files for the 1990 and 1995 Interim Evaluations of the Aga Khan Rural Support Program (AKRSP) including the second and third of a series of evaluations of AKRSP conducted by OED at the request of, and with funding from, the Aga Khan Foundation. A few files in this sub-series contain comments that OEDD1 staff provided on studies and reports generated by other Bank units or by other organizations and institutions.

Some of the files in this sub-series contain background reports, studies, and publications dated as early as 1970.

Country Policy, Industry and Finance Division (OEDD2) special evaluation studies working files

The sub-series contains the working files for special studies generated by the Country Policy, Industry and Finance Division (OEDD2) and its predecessor, the Policy-Based Lending, Industry, Public Utilities and Urban Sectors Division. The studies cover a range of policies, themes, sectors, and countries, including: conditionality in World Bank financed loans; privatization; women in development; free-standing technical assistance for institutional development in Sub-Saharan Africa; trade policy reforms under adjustment programs; a study of Bank/country relations covering Mexico's agriculture, industry, infrastructure, urban, and electrical and power sectors; and the 1992 study The World Bank and Pacific Island Countries: An OED Review which covered the Bank's operations in six Pacific Island member countries: Fiji, Kiribati, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu, and Western Samoa. There is also a draft of the design paper for the FY95 country assistance review for Nigeria.

Also included are files documenting OEDD2's participation in a Bank-wide steering group on Development Aid Effectiveness and a file for the development of a policy ledger of OED recommendations, management responses, and actions for all studies discussed by the Joint Audit Committee (JAC) after July 1, 1992.

Infrastructure and Energy Division (OEDD3) special evaluation studies working files

The sub-series contains the working files for special studies generated by the Infrastructure and Energy Division (OEDD3) and the files of staff members Basil P. Coukis and Andres Liebenthal who worked on special studies while in OEDD3. Most of the special studies files are dated 1991 - 1993 and concern the study, The World Bank and Sub-Saharan Africa: An OED Review of Bank Assistance for Transport Corridors. Also included are: files for OEDD3's contribution to the Bank/Mexico Relations Study, a country relationship study completed in fiscal year 1994; a final copy of the OEDD3 report Rural Roads Maintenance - Review of Completed World Bank Operations (June 1992); and a March 1993 facsimile message from Senior Evaluator Jan de Weille to the Resident Mission in Jakarta, Indonesia, concerning de Weille's forthcoming mission to conduct an audit for an impact study of the Tanjung Priok Port project (Loan 13337).

The Coukis files concern four special OED studies on which Coukis worked from 1987 to 1993: the Senegal Country Study; a review of World Bank lending for natural gas; the Sub-Saharan Africa Transport Corridors study; and a review of World Bank experience in the Education Sector in which Coukis worked when he was in the Agriculture and Human Relations Division (OEDD1). The Coukis files also contain copies of a Project Performance Audit Report, Staff Appraisal Reports, and published articles dated as early as 1983.

The Liebenthal files primarily contain correspondence and e-mail exchanges dated 1996 - 1999concerning Liebenthal's role as the Task Manager for the August 1996 OED desk assessment of fifty Bank-financed large dams, The World Bank's Experience with Large Dams: A Preliminary Review of Impacts. The correspondence is with OED and other Bank staff, staff of the World Conservation Union (IUCN), and representatives of major stakeholder groups in the global large dams debate. Correspondence contains: comments regarding the 1996 OED large dams assessment; planning for and response to the April 11-12, 1997, international workshop on the Future of Large Dams co-hosted by the World Bank and the World Conservation Union in IUCN headquarters in Gland, Switzerland; comments on publications by Patrick McCully, the Campaigns Director of the International Rivers Network; and Bank/IUCN efforts to establish the International Commission of Experts on Large Dams (ICELD) to provide an independent review of the economic and technical performance of large dams. Some of Liebenthal's correspondence concerning his OEDD3 workon dams was sent after his assignment to the Sector and Thematic Evaluations Division (OEDST).

The Liebenthal files also contain a number of published articles and studies dated 1985 - 1995 and relating to dams. Included are: a copy of the August 1996 OED assessment; a copy of Silenced Rivers and Damming the Rivers: The World Bank's Lending for Large Dams both by Patrick McCully; and a compilation of documents provided as background material for the attendees of the April 1997 workshop in Switzerland.

Sector and Thematic Evaluation Division (OEDST) special evaluation studies working files

The sub-series contains the working files for special studies generated by the Sector and Thematic Evaluation Division (OEDST) as well as some records of its predecessor, the Agriculture and Human Development Division (OEDD1).

Much of this sub-series consists of files relating to the preparation of papers concerning NGO involvement in World Bank-Supported Projects in Mali, Kenya, Bolivia and Brazil. These papers were part of five country case studies (covering India in addition to Mali, Kenya, Bolivia and Brazil) prepared as background papers for the OED study: Nongovernmental Organizations in World Bank-Supported Projects: A Review (1998).

Other studies covered in this sub-series include: Information Infrastructure: The World Bank Group's Experience (2001); The Bank's Assistance to China's Energy Sector, An OED Country Sector Evaluation (2001); Toward Sharpening the Focus on Rural Poverty: A Review of World Bank Experience (2002); Private Sector Development in the Energy Sector: A Review of the World Bank Group's Assistance (c. 2001); The Impact of Dairying Development in India: The Bank's Contribution (c. 1997); Meeting India's Energy Needs (1978-1999): A Country Sector Review (1999); and Education in Bangladesh: A Country Sector Review (1999).

There are fragmentary files for a sub-series of health studies that are not as complete as most of the working files. Evaluation Health Projects: Lessons from the Literature was developed by the Agriculture and Human Development division (OEDD1) in l995-1997. Theother health studies were generated by OEDST, including: An Analysis of Combating Iodine Deficiency: Case Studies of China, Indonesia, and Madagascar (2001); Supporting a Healthy Transition: Lessons from Early World Bank Experience in Eastern Europe (2002); and Case Study of World Bank Activities in the Health Sector in India (1998-1999).

This sub-series also contains the working files for a 1996 OEDD1 Performance Audit Report (PAR) for the project Brazil: Science and Technology Project (Loan 2489-BR). Inaddition, there are files for The Next Ascent: An Evaluation of the Aga Khan Rural Support Program (AKRSP), 2002, which was part of a series of evaluations of AKRSP conducted by OED at the request of and with funding from the Aga Khan Foundation.

Country Evaluations and Regional Relations Division (OEDCR) special evaluation studies working files

The sub-series contains the working files for special studies generated by the Country Evaluations and Regional Relations Division (OEDCR) as well as some records of its predecessor, the Country Policy, Industry and Finance Division (OEDD2).

  • Much of this sub-series (six linear feet) consists of the 1999 - 2004 working files for the ODECR study The Gender Dimension of Bank Assistance I and II. These files include materials from the Bank gender issues workshops held in Nairobi, Delhi, Quito, and Warsaw in2000 and 2001.

  • Other studies primarily concern finance, adjustment lending, civil service reform, and poverty reduction. Studies include: Civil Service Reform: A Review of World Bank Assistance (April, 1999); The World Bank and Microenterprise Finance from Concept to Practice (November, 1999); The Effectiveness of the World Bank's Poverty Reduction Strategy: An Evaluation (May, 2000); Adjustment Lending in Sub-Saharan Africa: An Update (1997); World Bank Assistance to Privatization in Developing Countries (August, 1994); Higher Impact Adjustment Lending (HIAL): Initial Evaluation (June 1999); The Impact of Public Expenditure Reviews: An Evaluation (1998); World Bank Assistance to CFA ('Communeaute Financiere Africaine'[African Financial Community]) Countries, An Evaluation of Selected Social, Economic and Regional Aspects of the Bank's Performance (2000); Financial Sector Reform: A Review of World Bank Assistance (1998); Fiscal Management in Adjustment Lending (1996); a joint 1998 OED/OEG study, An Evaluation of the Foreign Investment Advisory Service (FIAS); Implementation of Operational Directive 4.20 on Indigenous Peoples: An Independent Desk Review (2003); Legal and Judicial Reform in Europe and Central Asia (2002); Lessons for LICUS (Low Income Countries Under Stress) from OED Country Assistance Evaluations (2001 - 2004); and The Special Program of Assistance for Africa (SPA), an independent evaluation of the SPA as a mechanism to promote adjustment and development in Sub-Saharan Africa (1996 - 1998).

  • The sub-series also contains incomplete background materials regarding two other studies: the Quality Assurance Group's 1996 assessment of the Argentine Convertibility Plan and OED's 1997 survey of the major participating financial institutions (PFIs) involved with the Industrial Guarantee Loan Fund (IGLF). The Argentine file primarily contains background information regarding the Convertibility Plan itself. The PFI survey file consists only of correspondence with officials at the Development Bank of thePhilippines concerning their advice regarding the design of the survey records. The survey was part of the OED evaluation of the IGLF program.

  • In addition to study files, this sub-series contains files with copies of draft Bank issuances for which the OEDD2 and OEDCR staffs provided comments. Included are comments files for the Portfolio Improvement Program, proposed procedures for the Executive Directors, and Operations Manual draft chapters. The sub-series also contains a copy of the proceedings of a 1998 OED workshop on Indonesia that provided background information for a Country Assistance Review (CAR) of Indonesia.

Corporate Evaluation and Methods Department (OEDCM) special evaluation studies working files

The sub-series contains the working files for three major studies which the staff of the Corporate Evaluation and Methods Department (OEDCM) either participated in or directed. The first study, authorized by the Committee on Development Effectiveness (CODE) in January 1999, was an OED review of the IDA program during the IDA-10-11 period (fiscal years 1994 - 1999) and during the first year of the IDA-12 replenishment (2000). The review, which examined IDA compliance with recommendations made by the IDA Deputies in the replenishment reports for IDA 10-12, concentrated on IDA's development contributions in six program areas (poverty reduction, social sector development, gender, environmental sustainability, private sector development, and governance) and four process reform areas (enhanced Country Assistance Strategy [CAS] design and implementation, performance-based allocations, participation, and aid coordination). The files for this study cover the period 1998 to 2003 and include intra-Bank correspondence that analyze Country Assistance Strategies and contain comments on the proposed CAS redesign and draft background reports on the six program and four process areas.

The second special study was an assessment of the implementation of the Comprehensive Development Framework (CDF), an approach to development cooperation introduced by World Bank President James D. Wolfensohn in early 1999. The evaluation study was requested by CODE late in 1999. In the fall of 2000, the Bank hosted a global multi-partner conference to discuss how the evaluation should be conducted. As a result of that meeting, a Steering Committee was established in January 2001 to guide the study process with support from a Management Group, which was co-chaired by the Director-General of OED. The Steering Committee reflected the multi-partner nature of CDF and was composed of thirty members representing CDF pilot countries, donor agencies, development agencies, a developing country business firm, and an international non-governmental organization (NGO). The evaluation process itself focused on six case study countries: five for CDF pilot countries (Bolivia, Ghana, Romania, Uganda, and Vietnam) and one from a non-CDF country (Burkina Faso). The records documenting the CDF study cover the period from 2000 to 2004 and include, in addition to the usual special studies documents: planning documents for and minutes from the meetings of the Steering Committee and the Management Group and from a planning workshop held in October 2000; progress reports regarding the evaluation process; records from two workshops held in September and November 2002 to draft the CDF synthesis report; various drafts of the approach paper and an outline for the synthesis report; and drafts of chapters from the synthesis report itself.

The third study was an OED evaluative review of aid coordination policies, procedures, and practices. As part of this study, questionnaires were sent to three groups: Bank staff and managers; recipient government officials responsible for aid coordination; and representatives of local donor organizations. In addition to the OED questionnaires, OED and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) jointly requested the views on aid coordination from the directors of bilateral development agencies and officials of multi-lateral development banks (MDBs). The records in this sub-series are dated 1999 and relate only to the questionnaires received from the MDBs, the bilateral development agencies, and the local donor organizations. Included are the completed questionnaires and correspondence with World Bank country directors who selected the local donor organizations and with the directors of the MDBs and bilateral development agencies. Filed with the responses from MDBs and bilateral development agencies is a copy of the January 1999 report, Aid Coordination and the Role of the World Bank: An OED Review (Phase I) which summarized the first phase of the aid coordination study.