Print preview Close

Showing 470 results

Archivistische beschrijving
Reeks
Print preview View:

General Subject Files of the Directors-General, Operations Evaluation

This series consists primarily of reports, studies, and other issuances sent to the Director-General either for his comments or as part of a general distribution to high-level managers in the Bank. Filed with these issuances are comments and related correspondence of the Director-General and his special advisers and comments that the OED staff provided the DGO. The documents from the Kapur and Rovani eras are primarily originals, many with handwritten comments from the Directors-General. The Picciotto-eradocuments are primarily electrostatic copies. Key topics covered by the files include: mechanisms for integrating OED findings into the policy formation process of the Bank (filed under Dissemination and Feedback); evaluation criteria used in appraising projects (filed under Methodology); OEDs involvement in the monitoring and evaluation of NGO programs and in providing evaluation guidance to NGOs (filed under NGOs); OED guidelines for evaluating environmental projects (filed under Environment); planning for the 1995 G-7 Summit in Halifax (filed under G-7 Summit); the role of gender in OED work (filed under Women in Development); DGO/OED comments on the Annual Report on Portfolio Performance (ARPP) and on the disconnect between the ARPP and Completion Report/Audit Report ratings (filed under Annual Report on Portfolio Performance); and planning for the 1994 Annual Review of Evaluation Results (filed under Annual Review). Filed under Development Committee Task Force on Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) are replies to questions and copies of documents DGO Picciottos adviser Pablo Guerrero provided to the Task Force secretary. The MDB Task Force files also contain Guerreros comments on draft background studies submitted to the Task Force. Filed under Main Complex Rehabilitation Project (MCRP) are records regarding a 1993 Bank inquiry into cost overruns for an improvement program to the Banks headquarters complex at 1818 H Street NW. That file includes copies of Robert Picciottos 1993 memoranda outlining the input he had into the funding required for the project while he was Vice President of Corporate Planning and Budget. The files also include Picciottos comments on a draft of the S. Guhan chapter, The Banks Project Lending in South Asia, 1971-1990, in Volume II of the Brookings history of the World Bank.

Chronological Files of Directors-General Mervyn L. Weiner and Shiv S. Kapur

This series contains the chronological files of Mervyn L. Weiner for May 4,1982 to June 11,1984 and of Shiv. S. Kapur for June 27,1984 to February 28,1986. Weiner's file consists of: carbon copies of the letters,memoranda,and telex messages he sent to officials in aid organizations and in development banks,evaluation officials in other organizations,President Clausen,the Bank's regional vice presidents,OED staff,staff in the Bank's Personnel Management Department,and job applicants. Most of his file consists of: courtesy correspondence such as replies to invitations to speak; thank you notes for articles and books received; memoranda regarding travel plans and arrangements; post-travel notes to officials in host countries; notes to friends and colleagues regarding his retirement plans; and replies to inquiries regarding employment in OED or requests for OED publications. Some are more substantive and include proposed speech material for President Clausen,comments on OED draft reports,memoranda regarding OED staffing issues,and letters to Bank country directors regarding his observations from a recent trip.

Kapur's file consists of electrostatic copies of his letters,memoranda,and telex messages sent to OED staff,evaluation officers in other organizations and countries,officials in client countries,regional Bank staff,and job applicants. Much of his correspondence is substantive and includes: copies of his oral presentations to the Joint Audit Committee and to the Executive Directors; his comments on draft OEDproducts; and memoranda regarding arrangements for OED seminars,the OED work program and budget,and OED personnel issues. The remainder of his correspondence is routine in nature and concerns requests for Bank publications or employment,his annual leave plans,or his appreciation for assistance while on official travel.

Chronological File of Director-General Robert Picciotto

This series contains copies of the letters, memoranda, and electronic messages Robert Picciotto sent from September 1992 to June 2001, the period during which he was Director-General, Operations Evaluation (DGO).

Picciotto's files for September 1992 to December 1996 contain only copies of outgoing correspondence; copies of attachments to his outgoing correspondence are not routinely included until 1996. Beginning in January 1997, incoming letters and electronic messages are filed with Picciotto's replies,and his handwritten responses are often written on incoming correspondence. His correspondence is with: President Wolfensohn; OED staff; officials in other organizations and countries who were responsible for performance evaluations or development assistance; officials in countries in which OED was conducting a Country Assistance Review (CAR) or Evaluation (CAE); editors of scholarly journals; members of the Committee on Development Effectiveness (CODE) and its predecessor, the Joint Audit Committee; and members of the Evaluation Cooperation Group (ECG). His correspondence with OED staff primarily concerns: OED work programs, evaluation process issues and specific evaluation projects; planning for OED seminars and workshops and for the annual OED staff retreat; the deliberations of the Evaluation Cooperation Group (ECG) which Picciotto chaired; efforts to establish an International Development Evaluation Association; and the establishment of the Comprehensive Development Framework (CDF) Evaluation Steering Committee. Specific records include: Picciotto's replies to applicants for Bank positions; his comments on draft Bank publications or directives; his response to a report regarding the Bank from the Allan Meltzer Commission; his input for President Wolfensohn's speeches or articles; copies of his own articles; and a draft of the OED booklet, Evaluation in the Bank and IFC. This series also includes nine letters and memoranda, dated July 1992 - August 1992, which Picciotto sent while still Vice President of Corporate Planning and Budgeting (CPBVP).

Files of the Directors-General, Operations Evaluation, Documenting Relations with United Nations Organizations

This series consists of records that document the Director-General's coordination with units and personnel within the United Nations (UN) that were responsible for evaluations. The correspondence in the files is primarily between UN evaluation personnel and the Director-General or his special advisors, and it concerns evaluation methodology and strategy, an exchange of evaluation personnel between the institutions, joint Bank and UN evaluation efforts, and funding for evaluations. Among the files for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) are reports, correspondence, and minutes of meetings of the Inter-Agency Working Group on Evaluation (IAWG), which was established in January 1984 to provide a forum for discussion of evaluation issues by the UNDP and the executing agency partners and to promote simplification and harmonization of evaluation reporting practices among the UNDP and the executing agencies. An advisor to the DGO was a member of the Group. The files also contain UN publications and reports regarding evaluation methods and procedures or specific evaluations.

Correspondence Files of the Directors-General, Operations Evaluation, Relating to the Establishment of and Participation in DAC and OECD

The series consists of correspondence files containing communications between the DGO and representatives of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The correspondence relates to aid evaluation and the promotion of evaluation functions in client countries. This exchange culminated on December 1, 1980, in DGO Mervyn Weiner's nomination of Shiv Kapur, OEDDR, as the Bank's correspondent for DAC's work in aid effectiveness. Following Kapur's selection as DGO, Yukinori Watanabe, OEDDR,was nominated on October 15, 1984, as the Bank's representative to DAC's Expert Group on Evaluation.

Correspondence and other documents for the period 1981 - 1995 relate to the establishment of DAC's Expert Group on Aid Coordination (later Evaluation) which held its first meeting in Paris on March 8 and 9, 1983, and include meeting schedules and agenda, meeting summaries, reports, seminar papers and other correspondence of the Directors-General who served as the Bank's representatives at high level meetings of the DAC Expert Group on Aid Evaluation during this period. Topics include: primary health care; technical cooperation; non-governmental organizations (NGOs); the economic environment; gender issues; public support for aid; and aid effectiveness. Correspondence regarding DGO Robert Picciotto's participation in the Third Annual Conference on Environmentally Sustainable Development held in October 1995 is also included.

Subject files covering the period 1984 - 1989 consist primarily of issue papers and proposals prepared for discussions at DAC meetings and seminars as well as correspondence dealing with issues of coordination, evaluation and the environment. Subjects covered in the records relate to institution building, health, the environmental impact of development projects and the Economic Development Institute (EDI) evaluation function. Documents prepared for a November 1988 meeting with NGOs are also in the files.

Correspondence of the Directors-General, Operations Evaluation with Bilateral and International Organizations

The series consists of letters, memoranda, and messages between the DGO and the heads of evaluation units of bilateral and international organizations. The series documents primarily the formulation, implementation, and impact of evaluations within these bilateral and international organizations. Some of the correspondence is with the Special Advisor and Assistant to the DGO and the Director, Operations Evaluation Department (OEDDR). The series also contains copies of studies, publications, and reports of audits and evaluations sent to DGO. A copy of a February 15, 1980 memorandum from President Robert S. McNamara to DGO Mervyn L. Weiner addresses Bank support for upgrading national audit institutions. With this memorandum is correspondence describing implementation actions taken by the Bank and cooperation with the International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions (INTOSA).

Correspondence of the Directors-General with the International Finance Corporation (IFC)

The series consists of correspondence primarily between DGO Yves Rovani and IFC Chief Evaluation Officer Walter I. Cohn, and relates to the DGO's responsibility for oversight of IFC's operations evaluation activities. An Operations Evalution Unit (OEU) was established within the Development Department of IFC in 1984. Included are drafts of IFC operations evaluation work programs for fiscal years 1986-1993 forwarded by Cohn to Rovani and to his successor Robert Picciotto for review and comment. Accompanying many of the work programs are proposals for special studies. Draft approach papers for those studies, also forwarded to DGO for review, include those prepared for the following studies: IFC's experience in the tourism sector (1989); performance of IFC's oil and gas exploration program (1991); successful IFC investments in Sub-Saharan Africa (1991); lending for industrial technology development (1992); IFC's market assessments (1992); and IFC's experience in the privatization of State-owned enterprises (1992). Comments prepared by the Country Policy, Industry and Finance Division (OEDD2) on some of the approach papers are included.

Also among the correspondence are comments from the DGOs to Cohn on OEU work programs and use of resources along with notes from the first meeting (July 16, 1986) at which the role of DGO in operations evaluation in IFC was discussed. Also included are: minutes of special meetings of the Portfolio Committee at which IFC evaluation studies were discussed; a list of IFC project completion reports for fiscal year 1982 to fiscal year 1986; a copy of a May 20, 1987, memo distributed to all IFC high level staff on new procedures for project completion reports; and Cohn's February 21, 1991, memorandum copied to Rovani in which he responds extensively to issues raised at an earlier Joint Audit Committee (JAC) Sub-Committee on Operations Evaluation meeting regarding IFC's evaluation capacity, IFC evaluation work, and the relationship between IFC and DGO and OED. In this memo he also responds to issues surrounding a report prepared by OEU on IFC's experience in the agricultural production sector.

A small amount of miscellaneous correspondence arranged by subject (1983 - 1995) includes: formal and informal memoranda and other correspondence between the Director, OEU, Walter I. Cohn and DGO's Mervyn Weiner, Yves Rovani, and Robert Picciotto; approach papers for studies forwarded for approval to DGO before being sent to the JAC, copies of IFC policy papers, and draft IFC evaluation reports, workprograms, and budgets. Also included are an Annual Portfolio Evaluation Report for FY 1983 and an updated mandate statement for evaluation in the Bank and IFC that reflects findings of the March 1995 report of the review of evaluation in IFC.

Subject files (1980 - 1995) found with the correspondence include the report of IFC's first evaluation of a segment of its portfolio of investments, IFC Hotel Portfolio Review, forwarded by DGO Mervyn Wiener to the Joint Audit Committee (JAC) for review on May 11, 1981. Also included are reports of IFC evaluations in the agricultural, mining, and petrochemical sectors completed between 1983 and 1994 and in the cement and textile industries sectors between 1983 and 1989. There are also files containing correspondence and reports relating to: evaluations of successful investments in Sub-Saharan Africa (1994); support for small and medium scale enterprises (1995); investment assessments performed by OED (1992 - 1994); IFC's Five Year Program for fiscal years 1985 - 1989; and the review of evaluation in IFC (1994 - 1995).

A small amount of miscellaneous IFC and OEU reports (1979 - 1989), some of which are annotated, forwarded to DGOs Mervyn Weiner, Yves Rovani, and Robert Picciotto are in the series. A number of these reports were distributed to the Board of Directors including three confidential Project Completion Reports (PCRs) on three IFC investments in Guatemala (1979), Brazil (1979), and Indonesia (1979). These three reports were distributed in January 1980 to the Board based on a decision made at an October 30, 1979, Board meeting. Each director was to receive a copy to indicate the type of PCR IFC had been preparing and to illustrate why caution was necessary when disseminating information contained in the reports. Other IFC reports included are: Annual Portfolio Evaluation Reports for fiscal years 1984 and 1986 - 1988; a report entitled Deterioration in IFC's Portfolio: An Analysis (March 1985); and a report prepared by a consultant entitled IFC in Sub-Saharan Africa, Proposals for a New Approach (February 1987).

Records of the Directors-General, Operations Evaluation, Regarding the Evaluation Capacity Development Program

This series contains correspondence and other documents regarding: the development of monitoring and evaluation systems in member countries; the evaluation of specific Bank-funded projects; and the formal Evaluation Capability Development Program (ECDP), which was established in OED in 1987 and was renamed the Evaluation Capacity Development Program in 1993. The main tasks of ECDP were to: strengthen networks of evaluators in developing countries; assess countries' interest in evaluation and their evaluation capacity-building requirements; organize evaluation seminars and workshops; provide short-term training within OED for client staff; and organize pilot programs in a small number of countries. The files generally contain: correspondence; reports from evaluation missions; Terms of Reference for special studies or missions regarding project evaluations; studies, reports, and articles regarding ex-post evaluations or evaluation capabilities; agenda and other planning documents for monitoring and evaluation seminars and workshops; and schedules and other records regarding visits of staff from client countries to OED for monitoring and evaluation training. Of special note is the extensive documentation filed under India: Narmada which OED compiled while working on an evaluation of the Narmada project. Most of the correspondence in the series is with the Director-General or with Robert van der Lugt and Pablo Guerrero, the two special advisors who coordinated ECDP within OED.

Files of the Directors-General, Operations Evaluation, Documenting the Early History of OED

This series consists of files compiled by the Director-General containing his copies of reports and correspondence documenting the early history of the Operations Evaluation Department. Filed under Operations Evaluation History are copies of documents dated 1969 - 1974 that established the evaluation function in the Bank and the responsibilities of the OED and the Director-General. Included are copies of the DGO's correspondence with President Robert McNamara, the President's memoranda and circulars regarding OED and the evaluation function, and a 1974 General Accounting Office (GAO) proposal regarding Operations Evaluation. Filed under GAO Audits are copies compiled in June 1973 of documents dated 1967, 1969, and 1973 regarding audits of several international and government institutions in response to a bill to revise the functions of the Comptroller General of the U.S (the head of GAO). Filed under U.S. Congressional Staff Report on International Finance Institutions (IFIs) and DGO's Commentary are copies of documents dated 1975 - 1981 regarding a 1979 investigation of International Finance Institutions by the U.S. House Committee on Appropriations. DGO Mervyn L. Weiner reviewed a draft of the investigative report and prepared the Bank's response. That file also includes a 1981 GAO review of operations evaluation in the World Bank and Weiner's response to recommendations from that review. A file labeled OED 50: 'Learning About Development - Major Evaluation Findings' contains the DGO's copy of the draft of abooklet on OED prepared in connection with the Bank's 50th anniversary and OED's 20th anniversary. Filed with the draft are background materials used by Stokes Tolbert, one of the two consultants who drafted the booklet. Filed under Operation and Impact of the Bank's Evaluation System are various drafts of the 1989 OED booklet, Improving the World Bank's Performance: the Role of Operations Evaluation. Also in that file are copies of the Operational Directives chapters that concerned OED and copies of OED staff and DGO memoranda, articles, and presentations about OED and the Bank's evaluation system, 1975 - 1989.

Director-General Robert Picciotto's Files Relating Primarily to Committees, Commissions, Task Forces, and Boards on which he served

The series consists of files compiled by DGO Robert Picciotto that relate to topics not directly connected with the work of OED; most of the files concern committees, commissions, task forces, or boards on which Picciotto served. The majority of files concerns the Bank-wide Social Development Task Force (SDTF) which was established early in 1996 as an acknowledgement of the social dimensions of development in project design and to take a considered look at the various initiatives and approaches underway onsocial development and to make recommendations on further actions to advance [that] work. Picciotto served as chair of the Task Force's Satellite Group 9 on Bank Instruments of Lending. Picciotto's Task Force records include: agenda for meetings and retreats; copies of and comments on the drafts of the Group 9 report; correspondence with other members of Group 9 and with other Task Force members; and copies of input from the other Task Force groups.

Related to the SDTF are records filed under Adapting Lending Products and Adaptable Lending Products. Picciotto was a member of the New Products Steering Committee which was organized to implement the recommendations of the SDTF. That led to the Adaptable Lending Group which first met in March 1997 to create a new line of lending products recommended for Bank-wide adaptation to implement SDTF goals. The Executive Directors approved the Adaptable Lending Instruments in September 1997. The files contain Picciotto's correspondence regarding the development of the new lending products.

Filed under Project Implementation Commission - Brazil are Picciotto's records, dated July 1999 - August 1996, for the Brazil/World Bank Commission on Improving the Developmental Effectiveness of World Bank Financial Projects. Picciotto was a member of the joint Bank/Brazil Commission which was created to improve the Bank's portfolio in three sectors (education, rural poverty, and health) in the Northeast Region of Brazil and in the environment sector across Brazil. Picciotto's recordsinclude: correspondence with Commission members; Terms of Reference for consultants assigned to work with the Commission; minutes of Commission meetings; intra-OED correspondence regarding audits of Brazilian projects and the establishment of new projects in Brazil; draft outlines of the Commission's final report; drafts of the Executive Summary of the report; and comments regarding drafts of the final report. Drafts of the entire report are not in the files.

Picciotto served on the Joint Fund-Bank Committee on Finance and Development which was the advisory board for Finance and Development (F and D), the quarterly publication of the International Monetary Fund and the Bank. His Board records (filed under Internal Correspondence - Finance and Development) date from December 1987 when he was Vice President for Corporate Planning and Budgeting. Included are: his correspondence with the editor of F and D; agenda and minutes of Board meetings; copies of book reviews he provided for publication; resumes of job applicants for positions with the publication; articles submitted for publication which were forwarded to Picciotto for comment; and a copy of an article, A New Project Cycle for the World Bank? which he and Rachel Weaving submitted for publication in October 1994.

In addition to board, task force, and committee records, this series includes files on several other non-OED topics. Filed under Socratic Seminar Files are Picciotto's records regarding his coordination work for a television program, Banking on the Poor, which was part of a public television series The Fred Friendly Seminars. Picciotto had the lead in planning for the October 1, 1994, program which took place in Madrid, Spain, at the time of the Bank's annual meeting. It was the third in a series sponsored by the Bank to examine the role of international finance in fighting poverty. The program followed the Socratic Seminar format, created in the 1970s by Fred Friendly and Stuart Sucherman. Picciotto's records are dated May to October 1994 and include concept papers and e-mails regarding logistical planning for the program.

This series also includes copies of June 1996 - June 1998 correspondence (filed under Knowledge Center - Management) Picciotto received regarding the Knowledge Management Board that was established in July 1997 as well as copies of his comments on proposals for knowledge management within the Bank.

Director-General Robert Picciotto's Files on the Independent Evaluation of the Pilot Phase of the Global Environment Facility (GEF)

The series consists of records related to the Global Environment Facility (GEF). The GEF was a three-year pilot program begun in 1991 to provide grants and low interest loans to developing countries for programs to relieve pressures on global ecosystems. The Facility was a co-operative venture among national governments, the World Bank, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP). In April 1992, GEF participants agreed that its structure should be modified, and at a subsequent meeting in December of that year in Abidjan the participants requested an independent evaluation of the Pilot Phase.

Correspondence regarding discussions held within the Bank regarding the GEF independent evaluation of the Pilot Phase are part of the series, including minutes of a January 25, 1993, meeting on the topic convened by the Chief, Infrastructure and Energy Division (OEDD3) at which ENVGE (Global Environment Facility Administration) was represented. Drafts of the Terms of Reference (TOR) to be presented at a GEF meeting in Rome on March 4-5, 1993, are part of the series. Drafts of the Inception Memorandum for the independent evaluation, the Inception Report, and the Terms of Reference prepared after the Rome meeting are also part of the series. Most of these records were prepared following a March 12, 1993, meeting attended by the Deputy Director of UNDP's Central Evaluation Office (CEO), the Chief of OEDD3, and an OEDD3 consultant (John Malone). Establishment of an Independent Panel of Experts for the GEF evaluation was discussed at this meeting. Copies of letters of invitation extended to individuals selected to serve on the panel are part of the series.

Memoranda, paper copies of electronic and facsimile messages, correspondence, newspaper articles, and news releases in the series document the work of the Independent Panel of Experts (Independent Evaluation Panel [IEP]) and the three Evaluation Managers (Robert Picciotto - DGO, World Bank, Gus Edgren - UNDP, and Nay Htun -UNEP) responsible for conduct of the evaluation. Also documented are the managers' contacts with the Chairperson of IEP (Dr. Alvaro Umata), the principal evaluators (Jim Kelly - UNDP, Andrea Matte-Bakers, and Stjepan Keckes - UNEP, John Malone - World Bank), and the Evaluation Staff Coordinator (W. Haven North - World Bank).

The series includes: the final Inception Memorandum; work plan outline and budget for the evaluation; agendas, discussion papers, and minutes of meetings of the IEP and of GEF participants; copies of the questionnaires distributed to GEF participants as part of the evaluation; a draft Project Evaluation Form (PEF) consisting of a summary of questionnaire responses; and the interim and final reports of the evaluation. A copy of Global Environment Facility-The Pilot Phase and Beyond, Working Paper Series, Number I, May 1992, contains the text on the restructuring of the GEF approved by participating governments on April 30, 1992. Also in the series is the July 20, 1993, Back-to-Office report of Hideki Mori (OEDD3), of a GEF evaluation mission to Japan, Thailand, and Lao People's Democratic Republic from June 16 to July 5, 1993.

Director-General Robert Picciotto's Working Files for OED Studies, Reports, and Reviews

This series contains the working files that Director-General Robert Picciotto and his assistant, Pablo Guerrero, maintained for OED's special evaluation studies, Annual Reviews (known as the Annual Review of Evaluation Results [ARER] until 1997 when they became the Annual Review of Development Effectiveness [ARDE]), impact evaluation reports, annual Process Reviews of Annual Reports on Portfolio Performance (ARPP), Country Assistance Reviews, and Country Assistance Notes. Also included are files for OED'sannual policy ledgers which compiled OED recommendations from its reports and management responses to those recommendations. Most of the documents in these files are presumably duplicated elsewhere among the OED records relating to Annual Reviews and to the creation of evaluation products, but many of the intra-OED memoranda and e-mail exchanges are originals, and a number of the documents are heavily annotated by DGO Picciotto. The records in the files relating to OED's 1993 - 1997 annual ARPPs are uniqueto this series.

The files on any given OED product generally contain: multiple drafts of the study, report, or review; intra-OED correspondence and e-mail exchanges; minutes of meetings of the Committee on Development Effectiveness (CODE) and of the Executive Directors at which the product was discussed; drafts of management responses to the OED product; comments on draft and final versions of the product; copies of OED presentation slides, agenda, and other documents from OED workshops related to a study; and clippings regarding OED issuances and Bank policies. Files for evaluation studies may also contain Terms of Reference for consultants assigned to the study, initiating memoranda, design and approach papers, and a copy of the printed study.

Transparencies for Presentations Made by the Directors-General, Operations Evaluation

Series consists of transparencies and/or transparency master (hard) copies prepared for presentations made by the Director-General, Operations Evaluation (DGO), within the Bank and to external groups. Most of the presentations dealt with the role played by OED in supporting the Bank's development agenda. Some of the transparencies are accompanied by copies of speeches or presentation outlines.

India Fourth Five-Year Plan and economic policy files

Series consists of records maintained by Bernard R. Bell primarily relating to his work studying India's Fourth Five-Year plan while he was economic advisor to Andre de Lattre, President Woods' appointed representative to India. The study began with an appraisal mission headed by Bell which visited India in October-November 1966. The purposes of the mission were to examine the changes made in Indian economic policy in 1966 and how they were being implemented, and to survey the proposed Fourth Five-Year Plan and the aid requirements associated with it. The series contains: Bell's outgoing memoranda and cables with Woods and de Lattre and members of the 1966 appraisal mission to India; correspondence on the previous Bell Mission Report (1964-1966) on India's economy; correspondence with the government of India and documents from the U.S. government on India; a file on Woods' meeting with Ashok Mehta, the Indian Minister of Planning; and copies of official meeting documents of the India Consortium, a group of donor countries concerned with providing aid to India and India's development efforts. The consortium meeting records are filed with copies of memoranda primarily from Alexander Stevenson, Associate Director of Asia Department, and copied to Bell and others, covering the years 1966 to 1968.

Series also contains subject files relating to the Fourth Plan, containing correspondence and background reference materials, a copy of Bell's fourteen volume Bell Mission report in 1965 published as "The Report to the President of the IBRD and IDA on India's Economic Development Effort", and a copy of his 1967 Bank report titled, "Indian Economic Policy and the Fourth Five-Year Plan".

Also included in the series is a small volume of correspondence and other records, dating from 1964 to 1965, relating to the India coal transport study financed by the Bank, a report written by Bell's consulting firm in 1963 on statistics of Korea, and economic reports authored by the Bank, the Indian government or external research groups on India, its growth, and economic prospects, dating from 1973 to 1975.

Indonesian oil sector files

Series consists of records primarily created during Bernard R. Bell's tenure as Director, Resident Staff Indonesia from 1968 to 1972. The series contains a draft paper on the historical development of the oil sector in Indonesia, including notes on Indonesian oil companies. Correspondence and notes concerning Bank economic missions reviewing the oil sector are included, as well as notes of interviews with Indonesian government officials and oil company personnel. The series contains copies of articles on Indonesian oil, copies contracts dating from 1963, copies of Indonesian laws regulating the oil sector, and statistics on the financial status of P. N. Pertamina, the Indonesian National Oil and Natural Gas Mining State Enterprise.

Policy and research papers

Series consists of copies of various policy and research papers kept by Bernard R. Bell while he was Regional Vice President, East Asia and Pacific Region (EAPVP). Series includes a World Health Organization (WHO)-UNICEF study on health needs in developing countries in 1975, internal Bank memoranda and records relating to energy and the oil crisis from 1973 to 1974, two Bank papers on the economic evaluation of public utilities projects dating from 1974 to 1975, and Bank papers on topics of interest to Bell, ranging from rural roads to procedures for project documentation.

Subject files

Series contains subject records created and received by Kuczynski during his second period of employment at the World Bank (1971-1973). The records were accumulated during his time as both Chief Economist of the Central America and Caribbean Department (CACDR) and Chief of the Policy Planning Division (EPRPP). Many of the files were begun whilecontain records from Kuczynski's time at the served in CACDR and then were added to while he led EPRPP.

Records related to the economic development of Latin American countries and their relationship with the World Bank are included in this series. These records date from the period when Kuczynski was Chief Economist for the Central America and Caribbean Department (CACDR); in addition there are two reports from 1970, prior to when Kuczynski assumed the position. Topics discussed in these records include: taxation and trade in Latin America; Bank relations with and activity of the Inter-American Bank (IDB); the Common Market in Latin America; and staff recruitment in the CACDR. The majority of the records are correspondence which either involves Kuczynski or was forwarded to him for informational value. Other records include: back-to-office reports describing country visits and meetings and conferences attended by Bank staff; lending reports for Bank member countries; reports (including "The World Bank in the Americas" authored by Kuczynski in August 1971); comments on memoranda and/reports by Kuczynski and others; and summaries on Latin American operations for Bank President McNamara in preparation for his participation in the Latin American Caucus in 1970 and 1971.

Records related to the Seminar on the Collection, Processing and Reporting of External Debt Statistics in Latin America are also included. The seminar, held in March 1973, was organized by the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). Records include the seminar program guide as well as country presentations. Each country presentation was authored by country representatives and describe their country's debt administration and collection. Also included are report summaries and background information as well as correspondence discussing logistical details.

Records related to commodity production and trade are also included in Kuczynski's subject files. Commodities discussed include petroleum, coffee, tea, minerals, rubber, sugar, bauxite, rice, sulfur, cotton, and grains. Records also relate to: the Bank's role in the mineral sector; seminar planning on topics related to commodity production and trade; and the influence of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Records include: correspondence; memoranda; back-to-office reports; and Board papers (including commodity forecasts and studies). Also included are a number of reports including a series authored by John Foster of the Economic Analysis and Projects Department discussing oil revenue projects of OPEC member countries, collectively, and by Saudi Arabia, Abu Dhabi, and Kuwait individually.

Kuczynski's subject files also include records related to topics in general economics. These include: income distribution; population growth and impact; joint and parallel financing of Bank projects; employment rates; and private lending to developing countries.

Records relating to Bank-related topics are filed alongside the general economics records. These include: impact of budget cuts on economic research; staffing; relations with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP); research project planning; publication of Bank reports;Bank Board procedures; and country economic reporting. The majority of the records are correspondence and memoranda dating from 1972 and 1973. A single document, "Glossary of Population Terms", dates from 1967. Also included are comments on papers and summaries of Area Heads' meetings from 1972.

A file containing records related to Bank operations collected by Kuczynski while Chief Economist of CACDR is also included. Records contain correspondence and memoranda discussing: the Bank's operations program for 1972, 1973, and 1974; the Area Departments method of reporting; and the Bank-wide reorganization of 1972.

Records related to planning and future Bank lending are found in this series. Kuczynski collected these correspondence and reports (both final and draft) during 1971 and 1972. Reports discuss creditworthiness and Bank operations, capital flows, and the scale of future Bank operations. Of note is the memorandum entitled "The Scale of IBRD Financial Operations, FY74-78", which was presented to the Board by President McNamara in December 1971.

This series also contains records relating to the research and writing of the speech President McNamara delivered to the Board of Governors at the 1973 Annual Meetings in Nairobi, Kenya. Records include: memoranda discussing possible themes for the speech; a draft outline of the speech; multiple drafts, with contributions by Kuczynski, Mahbub ul Haq, Ernest Stern, and Hollis B. Chenery; comments on drafts, including an annotated draft by McNamara, dated June 19, 1973; memoranda by high-level staff discussing topics contained in the speech, including food production, agricultural sector, and the rural poor; a background paper presented by Chenery to President McNamara entitled "A Conceptual Framework for the Analysis of Poverty"; and various data collections in memoranda and table form.

Also contained in this series are records related to research seminars organized by Bank staff. These seminars were initiated by President McNamara in the spring of 1971 and then formalized into a series of seminars by Hollis B. Chenery in the fall of the same year. The seminars were intended for the Bank's senior staff. Both Bank staff and external participants presented on development-related topics. Records in this series are primarily from 1971 although they extend through 1973. Records include the full text or distributed notes on seminar presentations as well as invitations to sessions. A schedule of speakers for the fall 1971 series is included.

Also included in this seriesare Country Program Papers (CPPs) for most borrowing countries as well as correspondence related to the review of CPPs by the Program Review Division (EPRPR). (The EPRPR existed alongside the division led by Kuczynski, the Policy Planning Division (EPRPP), in the Policy, Planning and Program Review Department.) In addition to the CPPs, Country Program Notes and CPP "postscripts" are also included.

Finally, a copy of the World Tables produced in 1971 by the Bank's Economic Program Department's Socio-Economic Data Division is included.

Research Committee participation

Records in this series relate to the activities of the Bank's Research Committee and Kuczynski's participation in the Committee in 1972 and 1973. The Committee's responsibilities included: developing an overall research program and setting research priorities; reviewing research proposals and allocating resources to successful proposals, including those undertaken by both Bank staff and external persons; reviewing process of ongoing research programs and budgets; monitoring the work of and liaising with other institutions; and encouraging the dissemination of research output. The Committee consisted of ten to twelve members from the World Bank, including the International Finance Corporation (IFC). Participation on the Committee was for generally a year or twoone or two years.

The majority of the records in this series are materials disseminated in advance of Research Committee meetings. The meetings were held twice annually. Participants at these meetings considered further allocations of funds to existingand new projects and reviewed ongoing research projects. Records in this series relate to the three meetings that occurred while Kuczynski was a member of the committee: June 1972; September 1972; and May/June 1973.

Records were originally disseminated to Committee members as part of "books". These books contained all the materials necessary for the meeting of the Committee, including project reviews, budget materials, and, most voluminous, project proposals. The latter are arranged according to project sector topic. Tables of contents are included. Project proposal materials generally include two parts: the research proposal form and the project description. Other materials, including memoranda between Committee members discussing the proposed project prior to the Committee meeting, may be included. Memoranda, generally authored by Ernest Stern and disseminated to Committee members, is also included; it is not clear if these records were distributed with the meeting book or filed with the book's contents by Kuczynski.

Research proposals by Bank staff for fiscal year 1974 are also included. These do not appear to be part of the normal dissemination of meeting materials. It is not clear if these are to be discussed at a specific meeting or if they are part of a planning exercise. Projects related to only three sectors are included: industry and trade; agriculture and rural development; and urbanization and regional development.

A small amount of related memoranda and reports are filed separately. These include correspondence between group members discussing: research protocols; functions and logistics of the committee; potential and ongoing projects; budget reporting and projections; and recommendations for research. An update on the Committee's work for Office of the President is also included as is a a summary report of then current (1972) research projects.

Subject files

Series contains records maintained by Léonard B. Rist from the early period of IBRD history primarily when he first served as Director of the Research Department, later Economics Department between 1946 and 1960. Records are varied and include correspondence and speeches that Rist drafted for President Eugene Black during the period 1947-1953 and an information packet prepared for Black's 1952 trip on which Rist and other senior staff accompanied him to Pakistan, India, Ceylon, Thailand, and Australia. Also included is a file of Rist's speeches to the information conferences (1949-1959), two or three-day sessions at the Bank where groups of individuals in the finance profession would be introduced the Bank and its operations (1949-1951), a file on establishing the Research Department in 1946, and files on loan policy, 1946-1967. Records from the 1950s relate to the European Investment Bank and French oil exploration, and UK credit conditions covering 1945-1957. In 1963 and 1964 while he was Special Adviser to the President, Rist chaired the Committee on Loan Charges , and these files include correspondence on the Committee's Memorandum on Loan Charges (1964). Other files (1960-1968) relate to terms of Bank loans, market loans, IBRD reserves and 9% subscriptions, and Bank and IDA financial policy.

Bretton Woods collection

Series is comprised of Léonard B. Rist's collection of reference material on the Bretton Woods Conference and the events leading up to it. Document types include official copies of proposals, agreements and amendments relating to the Bretton Woods institutions, IBRD and IMF, as well as reports and commentary from U.S. government agencies (Treasury, Federal Reserve, State Department), research institutions, and the press (Foreign Affairs, Finance, Foreign Commerce Weekly). Also included are President Roosevelt's address to Congress recommending passage of the Bretton Woods agreements, 1963 amendment to the Bretton Woods agreement, and several unpublished papers.

Speeches and related material

Series consists of a variety of records primarily documenting speaking appearances made by Stern during his time at the World Bank Group. The majority of the records consist of full-text speeches given at academic institutions, external conferences, seminars, symposia and at various meetings of country ministers and International Development Association (IDA) replenishment meetings. Other speeches were made by Stern at internal World Bank Group functions such as Board and Executive Directors meetings, presidents' retreats, and senior operations manager retreats. The series also includes press releases, talking points prepared for Stern, copies of articles written by Stern, or publications containing interviews with him. The series also contains a copy of a 1971 speech "Foreign Assistance Agencies and the Problem of Unemployment" given by Stern prior to his World Bank employment when he was at USAID. His farewell speech as Managing Director in 1995 is also included.

Interim Committee files

This series contains Stern's records relating to the Interim Committee of the Board of Governors on the International Monetary System, known as the Interim Committee. The Interim Committee was created by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in 1974 to advise in the supervision of the management and adaptation of the evolving international monetary system until the establishment of a permanent decision-making body. Stern attended the meetings of the Interim Committee on behalf of the Bank. The records consist of agendas, reports, and records of discussion of the Interim Committee meetings from August 1975 to December 1981. Also included is Stern's correspondence regarding Interim Committee meetings and issues.

Group of Twenty Four files

This series contains Stern's records relating to the meetings of the Intergovernmental Group of Twenty Four on International Monetary Affairs, also known as the G-24. Set up in 1971 on the model of the Group of Ten, the G-24 was a permanent body representing the views of the non-socialist developing countries concerning international monetary affairs. Stern attended the meetings of the G-24 on behalf of the World Bank. The records consist of Stern's correspondence regarding G-24 as well as agendas, membership lists, communiques, and records of discussions at the meetings of the G-24 Ministers and Deputies.

Development Committee files

This series contains Stern's records relating to the organization and functioning of the Joint Ministerial Committee of the Boards of Governors of the Bank and the Fund on the Transfer of Real Resources to developing countries, known as the Development Committee. The series includes Stern's correspondence regarding the Development Committee and the Draft Resolution establishing it, its initial work program, administrative arrangements, membership lists, and budget. Included in the administrative files are April and September 1974 reports from the Technical Group on the Transfer of Real Resources, the Committee of Twenty, as well as the September 1974 suggestions for the work program of the Development Committee. The bulk of the series are Stern's files on meetings of the Committee from its inaugural meeting in October 1974 through September 1981. The series also includes files on two working groups and a task force established by the Committee.

Economic Advisory and Development Policy chronological files

This series documents Stern's functions covering the period from when he joined World Bank in 1972 as Senior Advisor in the Office of the Economic Advisor to the President (January-October 1972), to his successive positions in the Office of the Vice President, Development Policy (VPD) as Senior Advisor (October 1972-April 1974) and Director (1974-1975).

The files relating to his role as Senior Advisor in the Office of the President primarily includes memoranda addressed to or from Vice President Hollis Cheney, the Bank's Research Committee, and other colleagues in the Office of the Economic Advisor. The correspondence documents the establishment and organization of the World Bank's economic research program, activities of the Research Committee and the Development Research Center, research proposals and decisions, publication of economic reports, discussions on policy papers, joint projects with external organizations, and evaluation of the Bank's economic activities.

The files relating to Stern's Development Policy functions associated with the Front Office of the Vice President include memoranda and letters addressed to the managers of the constituent departments of the Development Policy complex, the President, senior managers, UN offices, government officials, and other outside development organizations and experts. Reports, notes, and other supporting documents are occasionally attached to the memoranda. Records document program, budget, and staffing matters in the Office of the Vice President, management of the research program, country program reviews, growth prospects of developing countries, U.S. aid to development countries, International Development Association (IDA) replenishments, capital markets, Special Drawing Rights (SDR) allocations, World Bank Group-International Monetary Fund cooperation, the European Economic Community, the Committee of Twenty, G-24, the Pearson Commission, the Technical Committee on the transfer of Real Resources, the oil crisis, and some region and country-specific economic statistics. Further, they include comments on the Bank's policy structure regarding the 1972 reorganization, draft speeches for President McNamara and Vice President Hollis Chenery, and reviews of books and articles relating to development.

Vice President of South Asia Region chronological files

The series consists of outgoing memoranda written by Stern while he served as Vice President of the Bank's South Asia Region (SAR). Some memos are addressed to the World Bank President McNamara and others to senior managers and managers in SAR. The series also includes letters and telexes to the regional missions and government officials in South Asia, notably India and Pakistan. The records address such issues as the formulation of the lending programs for the region or its individual countries, the review of individual projects, operational policies and procedures, cooperation with the Central Projects Staff and the Development Committee, and staffing and budgeting.

Vice President and Senior Vice President of Operations chronological files

The series contains internal memoranda to the World Bank Group President, the Regional Vice Presidents, other senior managers, and the Executive Directors for the period in which Stern was Vice President and Senior Vice President, Operations.

Issues covered relate to: the formulation and review of regional and country assistance strategies and lending programs and of structural adjustment loans and selected individual projects; operational policy and procedure; World Bank-International Monetary Fund collaboration; budgeting; and analyses of current initiatives, such as the China program, the Brandt Commission, energy development, and International Development Association (IDA) replenishments.

While Stern served as Senior Vice President from 1980 to May 1987, there is a gap in the chronological records for 1987; the series contains only seven items dating from 1987.

Senior Vice President of Finance chronological files

The series consists of memoranda, letters, and telexes written or received by Stern during his tenure as Senior Vice President of Finance (FINSV) from 1988 to 1991. Stern assumed his duties in FINSV in May 1987 but there is a gap in his chronological files for the year 1987. Records consist mostly of internal memoranda to the President, the Regional Vice Presidents, other senior managers in the Finance Vice Presidency and President's Council as well as the Board of Directors. A smaller portion of the correspondence is with external banks or institutions and country ministers. Reports and draft papers are occasionally attached to the correspondence in addition to handwritten notes and annotations.

Issues covered in the files relate to: investment guidelines and operations; lending arrangements; monthly financial reports for clearance; market updates; currency management and policies to borrowers; country loan payments; comments on internal and external reports and papers; IDA9 deputies meeting administration and IDA9 negotiations; World Bank-International Monetary Fund collaboration and debt reduction; pension fund management; capital subscriptions; FINSV's work program and budget; and staffing matters. Topics of note are: U.S. Treasury's Brady Plan for international debt reduction and the role of the World Bank; review of the Bank's reimbursable programs; and the establishment of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) in 1991.

Managing Director files

The series consists of records created and received by Stern while serving as Managing Director from December 1991 until his retirement in 1995. The majority of the records are chronological files containing outgoing memoranda, letters, reports, and handwritten notes addressed to his fellow Managing Directors Atilla Karaosmanoglu and Sven Sandstrom, President Lewis Preston, Regional Vice Presidents, and other senior managers. The files cover issues including: Loan Committee proceedings for which Stern served as Chairman; Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) food security, staffing, and other matters; initiation and status of country loans; country debt; planning and review of Bank program and budget; recruitment; and comments contributing to internal papers and strategy discussions. Other external correspondents include senior government officials, academic institutions, and private sector executives. Series also contains a small portion of files relating to lending operations and portfolio management, Lending Allocation Review (LAR) guidelines, Policy Review Committee guidelines, and Country Strategy Assistance Program guidelines.

Correspondence with World Bank Presidents

The series consists of correspondence between Stern and World Bank Presidents McNamara, Clausen, Conable, and Preston accumulated over the course of his time at the Bank. Correspondence includes copies of memoranda and attachments authored by Stern and sent to the President as well as some of the President's incoming and outgoing correspondence from others, which was forwarded to Stern. Correspondence serves a variety of purposes: information dissemination; briefing for President's meetings; responding to requests for information; authoring correspondence for the President; and submitting reports, announcements, and correspondence for the President's approval. A small portion of the memoranda are originals sent by Stern or the President, and many also contain attached reports and papers or articles. Other record types include telexes and letters. The files document a broad range of policy and management issues during Stern's various appointments such as country economic issues, debt repayment, World Bank program review and budget, Bank-Fund relations, annual meetings, and women in development. One folder from 1987 to 1990 exclusively relates to activities of the Finance Vice Presidency.

Correspondence with Executive Directors

Series contains primarily outgoing copies of memoranda and typewritten or handwritten notes sent or received by Stern relating to his business with Executive Directors. The records span the period when Stern was Senior President of Operations (SVPOP), Senior Vice President of Finance (FINSV), and Managing Director and therefore documents a crossover of operational, financial, and executive management matters. Correspondence is addressed to and from individual or all Executives Directors as a group, or is authored by other senior officials and sent to Stern for his consideration or comments. A significant volume of the correspondence contains attached letters, reports and telexes and covers issues including: county projects, loans and repayments; aid coordination; International Development Association (IDA) resources; and governance and operational policy and procedures such as Board management and overdue loans and arrears.

Latin America and Caribbean Technical Department, Infrastructure and Energy Division chronological files

Series consists of records related to Tim Campbell's work in the Latin America and Caribbean Technical Department, Infrastructure and Energy Division (LATIE), as Senior Urban Planner and, briefly, as Chief, Urban and Water Unit. Series consists of correspondence and reports, among other formats. Records relate to project planning and evaluation activities as well as to urban development-related research conducted by Campbell and task forces and workshops on which Campbell participated. Records include: Terms of Reference; back-to-office reports; records related to missions to countries for project planning and information gathered (including Brazil, Mexico, and Guatemala); Campbell's comments on Departmental and external reports and policy papers; comments on Campbell's reports by Departmental colleagues and other Bank staff; Campbell's reviews of Project Completion Reports (PCRs); annual Urban Sector review; briefing notes; externally authored reports; meeting and seminar summaries; presentation notes and slides. Series also contains two reports authored by Campbell: Environmental Dilemmas and the Urban Poor (draft, 1989, prepared for the Overseas Development Council and not for the Bank); Decentralization to Local Government in LAC: National Strategies and Local Response in Planning, Spending and Management (1991, an LATIE Regional Study, accompanied by drafts and research materials); and Modes of Accountability in Local Governments of LAC (1992).

Latin America and Caribbean Advisory Group chronological files

Series consists of records related to Tim Campbell's work as the Principal Urban Sector Specialist in the Latin America and Caribbean Technical Department, Advisory Group (LATAD). Records relate to: conference attendance and participation; travel plans; Campbell's presentations to a variety of audiences; and staffing. Records include: Terms of Reference; back-to-office reports; Bank reports forwarded to Campbell; FY94 LATAD Retrospective; presentation slides; a number of innovation Case Studies relating toCuritiba, Brazil; LAC - FY97-99 Business Plan; and Campbell's FY97-99 Work Program. Records also include correspondence with external agencies and institutions that relate to information exchange, communications, and planning and coordination.

Records relate to a number of conferences and seminars that Campbell participated in or helped organize. These include: Institutional Development (ID) and Decentralized Governance: Looking Back on Lending, Looking Ahead to a Contestability Model of ID in LAC (1994);conferences of Latin American Mayors in Washington, DC, and Miami, Florida (1994 and 1996); a seminar called Decentralization: Policies and Practices that Work (1994); a seminar called Managing Decentralization: Best Practices and Policy Lessons in LAC (1996); a sub-regional conference on Best Practice and Policy Lessons in Decentralization (1995).

Series also contains a number of reports and articles authored by Campbell, including: Participation, Choice, and Accountability in Local Government: LAC andthe U.S. (May 1993); The Politics of Participation in Tijuana, Mexico: Inventing a New Style of Governance (1996, draft); Mendoza Provincial Program for Basic Social Infrastructure (MENPROSIF): Case Study (1995); and Innovations and Risk Taking: The Engine of Reform in Local Government of LAC (1996, accompanied by notes for a presentation on the paper).

Transportation, Water and Urban Development Department Urban Development Division chronological files

Series consists of records related to Tim Campbell's work as Principal Urban Sector Specialist and Head of the Urban Partnership in the Transportation, Water and Urban Development Department's Urban Development Division (TWURD). Series consists almost exclusively of correspondence, the majority of which are incoming. Records contain correspondence with external agencies, institutions, and government representatives and include but are not limited to: the Inter-American Development Bank; the World Economic Development Congress; the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD); the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements; the World Conference of Mayors, Inc. Correspondence with government agencies and embassies of Switzerland, Great Britain, Sweden, Denmark, and Ecuador is also included. Correspondence relates to conference and meeting invitation, information exchange, and collaboration.

EMPPE chronological files

Series consists of records related to Johnson's work in the Europe, Middle East and North Africa Projects Department, Power and Energy Division (EMPPE) in 1984 and 1985. Much of the records in this series relate to Johnson's contribution to projects in Turkey. Records relating to Agricultural Sector Policy Loan to Turkey, the Thrace Gas Development project (Loan 2327-TU), and background reports relating to Turkey's energy sector are particularly plentiful. Included are: a working paper draft authored by Johnson entitled Turkey Agricultural Sector Policy Loan Village Electrification Program (1984); Terms of Reference and back-to-office reports related to Johnson's missions to Turkey; telexes between the World Bank and Turkey government officials; a report on Turkey's Energy Strategy Paper; technical notes; a back-to-office report authored by Johnson entitled Turkey: Public Investment Review Energy Sector Adjustment Loan (1985); a report authored by Johnson and others entitled Turkey Public Investment Review Energy Sector Outline of Draft Reports (1985); and a report authored by Johnson entitled Contribution to Turkey: Country Assistance Paper Energy Sector (1985).

Records related to Loans 1873-CY, 2286/2287-CY, Transmission & Distribution Project and Energy Planning and Conservation Project to Cyprus are included. Records related to projects in Jordan are also included: Energy Development Project I - Loan 2371-JO; Fourth Power Project - Loan 1986-JO; and Fifth Power Project - Loan 2162-JO. A back-to-office andfull report for Romania Power Subsector Loan (FY 88) are included.

The series contains records, memoranda and reports related to Johnson's activities in the EMPPE. Notably, drafts of a Europe, Middle East and North Africa Projects Department (EMENA) Regional Energy Strategy Paper are included; one of these drafts has Johnson's hand-written comments.

GEF correspondence files

Series consists of records related to Johnson's responsibilities as Assistant CEO of the Global Environment Facility (GEF). Records consist almost exclusively of correspondence addressed to and received from academic institutions,government agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), research groups, consulting groups, and business leaders. The main topics of the correspondence include information exchange and invitations to conferences and meetings. A speech to the Governing Council of the United Nations Environmental Programme that appears to have been given by Johnson is also included.

Agreements involving or facilitated by ESSD

Series consists of copies of a variety of different types of agreements formed between 2001 and 2005 while Ian Johnson was Vice President of ESSD. Included are trust fund, programme, and project funding agreements involving external agencies, foundations and governments. There is, in some cases, small amounts of background information related to the funds, projects, and programmes being sponsored and/or created.

Work program agreements between ESSD and other World Bank units are also included.

CGIAR correspondence files

Series consists of correspondence related to Johnson's role as Chairman of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). Correspondence is between Johnson and: other World Bank units; research institutes; aid agencies; Banking institutions; government agencies and officials; and academic institutions. Correspondence generally relates to: invitations to meetings and conferences; information exchange; and, in small quantities, requests for sponsorship and funding.

Spring and annual meeting records

Series consists of records relating to Johnson's attendance at, and participation in, the World Bank's annual meetings in 2001 to 2003 and spring meetings in 2001 and 2002. Included are Briefing Binders for annual meetings in 2001 and 2002 and spring meetings in 2001 to 2003. These binders contain: Issue Briefs; Regional Briefs; Success Stories; press coverage; talking points; schedules; Notes from the President; and briefings and summaries on a variety of other topics. Records related to roundtable discussion with civil society are also included.

Series also includes files containing briefing reports for Bank President Wolfensohn in advance of meetings with representatives from a number of donor countries prior to the 2002 spring meetings. It is unclear who prepared these briefings for Wolfensohn. However, the focus of the briefings extends beyond the scope of ESSD and so it is likely that they are contained in Johnson's files for informational purposes and not because he or ESSD had a hand in their preparation.

ESSD correspondence and internal memoranda

Series consists of correspondence and memoranda authored by or addressed to Johnson as Vice President of ESSD. Topics of external correspondence are from 2002 to 2004 and include invitations to participate in meetings and conference, and the exchange of information. Correspondence is with a variety of academic and research institutions, government agencies, and other external organizations.

Series also consists of memoranda from 2002 to 2004 authored by or addressed to Johnson to and from ESSD sector departments as well as other Bank units. Included are memoranda from Johnson to managing directors and Bank President Wolfensohn.

Briefings for Bank President Wolfensohn and other reports

Series consists of briefing materials prepared by ESSD and its sector departments for Bank President Wolfensohn. Briefing materials provide information on various individuals, organizations, and governments in advance of their meetings with Wolfensohn. A small amount of background research material is also included.

Series also consists of copies of reports submitted by ESSD to the Bank's Secretary of Board Operations. Finally, copies of Inspection Panel Investigation Reports on two South American loans from 2004 are included: Paraguay - Reform Project for the Water and Telecommunications Sector (Loan No. 3842-PA) and Argentina - SEGBA V Power Distribution Project (Loan No. 2854 - AR).

Chronological files

This series contains copies of Vinod Dubey's outgoing memoranda, letters, telexes, and routing slips that he generated while he was working in the Europe, Middle East and North Africa Region (EMENA), the Country Policy Department (CPD), and the Economic Advisory Staff (EAS). For some of the periods covered by this series, Dubey's incoming correspondence is filed with the copy of his related outgoing correspondence.

For the period that Dubey was a Senior Economist in EMENA, the files include copies of his outgoing letters, memoranda, and reports and copies of memoranda and letters that he prepared for the signatures of others. Very little incoming correspondence or attachments to outgoing correspondence is included for this period. Among the outgoing correspondence are his minutes of the EMENA senior economists' biweekly meetings; his comments on draft papers and reports, especially regarding Country Program Papers and economic and sector work; the Back-to-Office reports from his missions; his reviews of research proposals; and the minutes he prepared for the research proposal review panels on which he served. Most of his correspondence was sent to the Director, Development Policy Staff, the EMENA senior vice president, and other EMENA economists.

After Dubey became Chief Economist for EMENA in October 1975, the files primarily contain copies of incoming documents that he transmitted to the EMENA program departments and senior economists with requests for their comments. There is little showing his input into policy development; the files consist mostly of copies of his routing slips, some without an incoming document attached.

Dubey's files are much richer for the period beginning in January 1984 when he was a senior adviser in the Country Program Department (CPD). The records reflect his responsibilities for: coordinating Bank relations with the IMF, the Paris Club, and the OECD Export Credit Group; preparing policy papers for the director of CPD; advising the Regions on adjustment lending; directing the CPD Secretariat for the Loan Committee; and preparing the agenda for Loan Committee meetings.

Specific topics covered include preparations for the Bank-Fund Seminar on assisting member countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, May 22 - 24, 1985; planning for seminars on Policy Based Lending held June 18 - 20, 1985 and December 11 - 13, 1985; and the scheduling of Country Policy Papers for review by the Operations Policy Subcommittee. Much of Dubey's correspondence beginning in September 1984 concerns his drafting of a Board paper on Bank-Fund collaboration. None of the drafts is found in the files, but there is extensive correspondence with Bank and Fund staff concerning the preparation of the report which was issued in the spring1985.

Specific documents of note are: his May 23, 1984 report, Bank-Fund Collaboration: A Brief Historical Note, which is a compilation of the documents relating to Bank/Fund collaboration from May 1946 to April 1981; a November 28, 1984 memo to Files on the role of the World Bank in theParis Club; a December 14, 1984 draft of his paper Policy Based Lending and the World Bank; his reports from attendance at OECD Export Credit Group and Paris Club meetings; and the agenda he prepared for meetings of the Operations Policy Subcommittee and of the Loan Committee.

Most of his outgoing correspondence for this period was sent to Regional Chief Economists; the SVP for Operations (SVPOP); the Vice President for Operations Policy (OPSVP); the Director of CPD; the secretary of the Research Policy Committee; IMF managers; and staff/members of the Paris Club, the OECD, and the International Labor Organization (ILO). A number of his memoranda are written to the files and primarily concern meetings he attended on structural adjustment lending.

After Dubey became Director of the Country Policy Department in January 1986, his files reflect less of his role in policy development. The bulk of the files for this period consist of his agenda for meetings of the Loan Committee and the Operations Policy Subcommittee. The files often contain copies of his incoming correspondence, much of which was forwarded to CPD staff.

After Dubey's appointment as director of EAS in June 1987, he continued many of the duties he had in CPD: coordinating the Bank's interaction with the Paris Club, the Berne Union, the OECD Export Credit Group, and the International Monetary Fund; reviewing country strategy papers and Structural Adjustment Policy Framework Papers (PFPs); providing the SVP Operations with analysis on operational issues and policy initiatives; serving as the Secretariat to the Operations Committee; and providing advice and support to the Regional staff on major policy questions, especially regarding country strategies, adjustment operations, and country economic and sector work.

nA large portion of his records for the EAS period consists of agenda, schedules, and postscripts for Operations Committee meetings and correspondence regarding the preparation and review of documents for discussion by the Committee. Othercorrespondence concerns the preparation of documents for the signatures of the Senior Vice President, Operations and President Conable and his review of research proposals.

Subject files

The files in this series were maintained by Vinod Dubey while he was Senior Advisor in and Director of the Country Policy Department (CPD) and later as Director of the Economic Advisory Staff (EAS). Most of the files concern the preparation of briefing books for Moeen Qureshi's attendance at the Aspen Seminars from 1988 to 1991 and at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, February 2 - 4, 1990. One file documents Dubey's attendance at the U.N. Symposium on Economic Reforms and the Role of Asian Centrally Planned Economies, China, Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union in Global Economic Relations, Helsinki, June 12 - 16, 1989. Included in that file are his notes from various sessions, his copies of the papers distributed to attendees, and his conference comments on Thomas A. Wolf's paper, Macro-economic Adjustment and Reform in Planned Economies. Other files contain CPD staff comments on drafts of the 1984 report, The Future of Operations of the Bank; EAS review of Expanded Cofinancing Operations for Hungary, India, and China; the CPD preparation of a progress report on Sector Adjustment Lending (filed under OECD Export Credit Group), CPD preparations for and follow up to a 1985 Bank-Fund Collaboration Seminar, and a CPD file on the IMF's Structural Adjustment Facility (filed under IMF Special Disbursement Account).

Lecture and speech files

From 1985 to 1990, Vinod Dubey participated in over 20 seminars, symposia, and conferences at which he served as lecturer, speaker, panel chairman or member, or commentator. Files were prepared for each engagement. They include key documents, notes, statistical information, and outlines used in Dubey's preparations. The evolution of the Bank, Bank policy, and adjustment lending were frequently the topics of his presentations.

During the period covered by this series, Vinod Dubey served as: Senior Adviser (1984 - 1985) and Director (1986 - 1987) in the Country Policy Department in the Office of Operations Policy, and as Director, Economic Advisory Staff (1987-1990) under the Senior Vice President, Operations. Dubey also served as the first Liaison Officer to the Paris Club during the period 1984 - 1986.

Dubey served several times as: a lecturer for EDI [Economic Development Institute] seminars (1985, 1986, 1988, and 1989); lecturer, panel chairman or panelist for a number of other Bank sponsored seminars and conferences (1985 - 1990); and lecturer for the IMF Institute (1985, 1986, 1988). The file created for a Bank-sponsored symposium in Copenhagen, May 5 - 6, 1987 on economic adjustment and the Third World includes copies of a number of the papers that were presented, including Dubey's paper entitled Ensuring That The Poor Benefit From Improved Policy.

Dubey was also invited to speak at symposia and conferences sponsored by outside organizations including the Foreign Service Institute (1986), the Inter-American Development Bank (1987, 1989), and the Agency for International Development (1987, 1989). The file created for Dubey's Back-to-Office Report of a visit to Japan, January 25 -3 0, 1987 to speak to Japanese officials in seminars on structural adjustment lending includes copies of Dubey's lectures in Japan.

Several files were created for other conferences and symposia sponsored by the Bank and outside organizations which Dubey attended including SVPOP (later OPNSV) retreats (1986, 1988, and 1989) and a Bank/UNICEF meeting on collaboration on adjustment issues (1987). Notes taken by Dubey of discussions at these events are part of the files.

A file titled The Institute Lecture contains a copy of President Clausen's remarks at the Joint Bank-Fund Luncheon, May 25, 1985; Dubey apparently prepared the remarks. The series also includes a file created after Dubey was asked to represent the Bank at the June 5 - 10, 1989 Berne Union Meeting in place of Fred Levy. Separate files (1987 - 1988, 1988 - 1989) were created just for background materials for Dubey's lectures and speeches. The files include copies of Bank documents and publications, IMF publications, reprints of articles on finance and economics, newspaper clippings, and Dubey's handwritten notes.

Papers and reports

This series consists of ten files containing papers that Alexander Nowicki compiled primarily while he was a senior economist in the Projects Department of the South Asia Regional Office and later as Director of the OED's Policy-Based Lending, Industry, Public Utilities and Urban Sectors Division (OEDD2). Included are Nowicki's own October 19, 1967 paper, Academic and Private Research on Economic Problems of Developing Countries - Survey of Work and Thinking in France, and a copy of a lecture, General Issues and Actual Problems of Central Planning, that he delivered at a September 1986 seminar organized by the Brazilian Ministry of Planning. Other documents include copies of papers presented at the 1985 Manila Conference on Privatization Policies, Methods, and Procedures; two papers on industrial restructuring and on competition policies for industrializing countries that were prepared for discussion at Bank Board seminars in 1989; a December 1981 Bank compilation of basic data on population; copies of a March 1983 country program paper for Pakistan and a draft January 20, 1984 report regarding recent economic development in Pakistan; and a copy of a Handbook on Balance of Payments that was presented at the World Bank Seminar on Debt and Developing Countries, April 18-20, 1984.

Bank organization and staffing reports

This series contains memoranda and reports compiled by L. Peter Chatenay, which primarily relate to the World Bank's early organization and staffing. Although his participation is not detailed nor confirmed in the records, it is apparent that Chatenay worked in some capacity on tasks associated with the Organization Study Team and that this is a file created in support of that activity. The Study Team (also referred to as the Study Committee) was chaired by Bank Vice President M. Shoaib and was charged with reviewing a Bank organization study completed by external consultants and studying other topics related to the 1972 Bank-wide reorganization.
Included in this series are copies of memoranda from Humphrey C. Winterton, Farrokh Kavarana and Philippe Beuzelin to the Study Team. Winterton and Beuzelin were two of the six members of the Study Team while Kavarana was part of the external consultant team. The rest of the records in this series consist of reports and reference materials on the organization and staffing of the Bank. These include: a FY 1971 chart and March 1972 memoranda comparing the time required to negotiate a project proposal in the various Regions and sectors; a February 1972 report on the status of the World Bank's current organization; a 15 March 1972 draft of a report: Dimensions of the "Main-Frame" Structural Problem which is an analysis the Bank's structure prior to the 1972 reorganization; a list showing major Bank organizational changes, 1952 - 1972 and tables showing changes in staffing (i.e. comparing the number of people allocated to the categories professional, special services, and general services) in 1961, 1971, and projections for 1976; and tables analyzing the Bank's administrative expenses, 1962 - 1971 with projections through 1978.

Training, conference, and workshop records

Series consists of records created and compiled by Shelton Davis from the various training sessions, conferences, and workshops related to indigenous communities, social development, sustainability, and environmental issues. Series includes planning documents, handwritten notes, correspondence, presentation and training materials, reports, manuals, and audio-visual materials. This includes VHS tapes from the training seminar Indigenous Peoples held in October 1992, which Davis organized, led, and participated in as the Senior Sociologist for the Environment Department (ENVAP). Two audio-cassette tapes contain a similar presentation given by Davis for the United Nations. Seminar documents, reports, and presentation notes from the seminars Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Institutions in Africa, June 1, 1995 and Indigenous Peoples and Economic Development in Asia, May 29, 1996 are also included from Davis's time as Principal Sociologist with the Social Policy and Resettlement Division (ENVSP).

The series also contains records from the years Davis served as Sector Manager in the Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development Unit , Latin America and Caribbean Region (LCSES), 1998-1999, and the Sector Manager in the Social Development Unit, Latin America and Caribbean Region (LCSEO), 2000-2004. This includes handwritten notes, agendas, minutes, training session records, and presentation transparencies related to the workshops devoted to operational directive "OD 4.20 - Indigenous Peoples" and operational policy "OP 4.10 - Indigenous Peoples" in 1999 and 2002. Agenda, minutes, correspondence, and reports are also included for multiple planning meetings and workshops such as the Indigenous Peoples and Human Development Project Design: A Technical Workshop, February 24, 1999; the Indigenous Peoples and Social Sector Projects Workshop, April 11-12, 2000; and the Ethnicity and Health Equity - Expert Group Meeting, June 18-20, 2001. A topical file containing "Safeguard Policies - Instructor's binder" is interfiled among other workshop materials. The series also consists of CDs and VHS tapes from many training sessions, conferences, seminars, and workshops organized and held in the Latin America and Caribbean Region from 2000 to 2004. The CDs contain digital training records, agendas, images, and reports related to indigenous rights, resettlement, social development, and sustainable development. Each CD is typically specific to one country, project, or issue. VHS tapes produced by the World Bank related to specific Bank-funded projects or training seminars, conferences, or workshops are also included.

Research, project support, and reference files

This series consists of records that supported Davis' project work, policy development, and research. It contains field notes, project files, reference files, and research materials that cover Davis' World Bank career. The field notes are handwritten notebooks from Davis' operational field work, meetings, and project site visits from 1986 to 2002. The majority of the field notes arise from Davis' work in the Latin America and Caribbean Region, especially the earlier years as Senior Sociologist for the Environment Unit, Latin America and Caribbean Region (LATEN) from 1987 to 1991. Some notes are included from operational fieldwork and site visits in India, the Philippines, Russia, and Mozambique from his later years as Principal Sociologist for the Social Policy and Resettlement Division (ENVSP) from 1993 to 1997. The series also contains project site visit notes Davis created to review progress and compliance with safeguard policies (e.g. indigenous rights, environment, and sustainability) at development sites, primarily as a Sector Manager in the Latin America and Caribbean Region.

This series also includes extensive reference and project files. The reference files consist of papers, articles, reports, and publications typically devoted to a particular subject. Much of the reference material was authored and/or published externally by outside agencies, institutions, or person(s). The project files contain similar contents, but differ because they also contain project proposals, correspondence, memoranda, annotated notes, draft reports, and final reports, which are primarily created by Davis or by the units in which he served at the Bank. An example includes the file Social Assessments, 1998-2002, which details assessments and reviews done for development projects in the Latin America and Caribbean Region countries. Other files are specific to a country project, or to policy development, including Indigenous Peoples files related to World Bank operational directive "OD 4.20 - Indigenous Peoples" and operational policy "OP 4.10 - Indigenous Peoples". It is unclear what records in this series were maintained strictly for project support or reference because the records are interfiled together within a single folder, usually according to topic. Furthermore, the files overlap different periods in Davis' career when he served in different positions or areas of responsibility 

This series contains VHS tapes, DVDs, and CDs sent to Davis from outside agencies, institutions, and persons. These audio-visual items are not World Bank produced, but relate directly to areas of interests to Davis, including Latin America, indigenous rights and culture, bio-diversity, sustainability, and the environment. It is uncertain how Davis used these items in his roles at the Bank, but most likely kept them for reference.

LCR Social Development Unit and Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development Unit chronological files

This series consists of the incoming and outgoing correspondence and memoranda created and compiled by Davis when he served as Sector Manager in the Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development Unit , Latin America and Caribbean Region (LCSES), 1998-1999, and as Sector Manager in the Social Development Unit, Latin America and Caribbean Region (LCSEO), 2000-2004. The correspondence comes from external agencies, institutions, and individuals outside of the World Bank, which are inquiring about potential employment, or are interested in Davis's research or work related to indigenous rights, the environment, sustainability, Latin America, and the Caribbean. Other correspondence addresses collaborative initiatives, working groups, and panels Davis took part in, or for which he received invitations. The remaining correspondence and memoranda are internal communications related to Davis' work in the Bank, including oversight of development projects compliance to social safeguard policies, indigenous policy development, and collaboration with project partners, authorities, and local communities.

Young Professionals Program (YPP) chronological files

This series consists of records from Masood Ahmed's participation in the World Bank's Young Professionals Program (YPP) in 1979. Records include: back-to-office reports; correspondence; memoranda; travel arrangement records; statement of expenses records; timesheets; and terms of reference related to his rotational project work in African and Middle-Eastern countries.

Resultaten 301 tot 350 van 470