Series - Incentives and Comparative Advantage (INCA) support

Identity area

Reference code



Incentives and Comparative Advantage (INCA) support


  • 1979, 1981 - 1985 (predominant 1982 - 1984) (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

1.26 linear feet of textual records

Context area

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Series consists of records related to the Incentives and Comparative Advantage (INCA) unit and its predecessor's support to operating departments carrying out INCA projects or studies. Most of the unit's resources were devoted to support activities including contributing to long term INCA studies sponsored by, and under the responsibility of, operating departments and short-term studies by Bank or International Finance Corporation (IFC) industry missions. Records are organized by country or study topic anddocument the unit's contribution to developing Terms of Reference (TOR) and methodology for the studies as well as reviewing a developing country's protection system as a condition of Bank lending. Records also reflect general support and advice provided to the Bank's regional units and notes on INCA work shared with IND senior management. Approximately 28 countries are represented within this series. Most files are thin in volume; some files have only one or a few documents.

Internal memoranda are between Economist Garry Pursell or INDSP consultants, IND assistant director, and regional units, particularly the Industrial Development Finance (IDF) divisions. The memoranda contains INDSP comments on TORs for an INCA country study, comments on project protection issues, notes for a regional unit on use of domestic resource cost ratios to help in allocating working capital loans, and more. Memoranda are also in the form of: back-to-office reports (BTORs) including for Structural Adjustment Loan (SAL) appraisal, reform missions or INCA studies; visit or meeting summaries; and TORs for missions, studies or personnel. Draft and final TORs are included. There are also letters to consultants and external academics who collaborated on Bank projects or commented on draft reports.

Other record types included are: draft technical notes (on countries, prices, etc.); notes on effective protection studies; copy of questionnaires, including the 1975 export survey of importing firms in Korea; and handwritten notes. Other topics covered in the records include incentives reform, tariff reform (Cote d'Ivoire), SAL, and trade and industrial policy in individual countries such as Bangladesh, Mauritius, Malaysia.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling


System of arrangement

Records are mainly arranged alphabetically by country. A portion of the files are organized by subject.

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Records in this series are subject to either or both the World Bank Policy on Access to Information and the International Finance Corporation Access to Information Policy.

Conditions governing reproduction

Records in this series are subject to either or both the World Bank Copyright Policy and the International Finance Corporation Copyright Policy.

Language of material

  • English
  • French
  • Spanish

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

An inventory list is available here.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

  • See Records of the Industry and Mining Sector - Records of the Strategy and Policy Division, Incentives and Comparative Advantage (INCA) Unit - INCA Research and knowledge products (WB IBRD/IDA IND-07-03) for records related to INCA studies of certain countries.

Related descriptions

Notes area

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Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Internal World Bank Group Archives rules based on ISAD(G).

Disclosure status

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

31 August 2022




Accession area