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Personal papers of Benjamin B. King

  • WB IBRD/IDA KING
  • Fondo
  • 1964-1994 (predominant 1982 - 1989)
  • 1964-1994 (predominant 1982 - 1989)

The papers consist of a body of materials related to Zambia and a set of general policy and issues papers. King undertook a mission to Zambia for the Bank and wrote a report on it, and he collected information about and remained interested in Zambia thereafter. The materials related to Zambia include four documents prepared and distributed for the December 1986 meeting of the Consultative Group on Zambia, which had had its first meeting in June 1978. Most of the other documents related to Zambia are internal World Bank documents, with a few Bank publications and some publications from other sources. The materials are arranged in four sections: Consultative Group documents; unpublished Bank materials; Bank publications; and other publications. This is a useful body of materials for an overview of Zambian economic issues in the 1980s.

The policy and research papers cover a wide variety of subjects including structural adjustment lending and sector adjustment lending, agriculture, Japan and Ghana, and Bank history. All the policy and research papers are Bank papers except six items, which are identified by source on the item list. They are arranged by date of preparation or publication.

King, Benjamin B.

Records of the Energy Development Sector

  • WB IBRD/IDA ENGY
  • Fondo
  • ca. 1970 - 2002
  • ca. 1970 - 2002

The fonds consists of correspondence, memoranda, minutes, reports, notes, briefing papers, aide-memoires, back-to-office reports, agreements, background research notes, guides, issuances, published material, research papers authored by staff and consultants, and other records related to the functions of the Energy Sector Department. Records relate to: research projects and economic and sector work in the energy field; the development of regional, sector and country policies and strategies; energy lending projects financed or co-financed by the Bank; energy credits, grants, and trust funds; structural adjustment loans; and cross-support to operational staff in the Regional Vice-Presidencies. The records also relate to liaison, aid coordination and co-financing with other development agencies, bilateral and multilateral organizations, and member countries, including but not limited to: the Overseas Development Agency; the Danish International Development Agency (DANIDA); the Finnish Department of International Development Cooperation (FINNIDA); the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID); International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); Latin American Energy Organization (OLADE); United Nations Development Programme (UNDP); Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA); among many others. The records also relate to the Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme (ESMAP): a global technical assistance program sponsored by the World Bank and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and managed bythe World Bank. ESMAP records relate, but are not limited, to: donor relations; involvement in development projects and research studies; organization and management (work program and business planning, status of on-going activities, etc.); and the ESMAP Consultative Group (strategic agenda and programme coordination). The fonds also contains records related to: conferences, seminars and learning events either developed and offered by Energy Sector staff, or attended by Energy Sector staff; promotional and information material intended to inform others of Sector work; participation on Bank-wide committees and task forces; business planning and work program oversight and strategy; and chronological correspondence files maintained at the unit level (such as IENPD and ESMPD), and by individual persons (such as Efrain Friedman, Energy Advisor and Assistant Director for Energy and Fuel).

Records related to operational project (loans, credits, grants, and trust funds), research studies, conferences and seminarsinclude topics such as: fuel sources and technologies, such as coal, oil, gas and hydrocarbons; renewable energy sources, such as photovoltaic cells, solar power, hydropower, thermal power, and biomass programs; environmental issues and assessments; climate change; power systems and energy efficiency; gas trading; electricity supply and grid extension; rural electrification; power sector rehabilitation and institutional restructuring of power utilities; legislation and market forces; plus many others.

Energy Development Sector

Personal papers of William Diamond

  • WB IBRD/IDA DIAMOND
  • Fondo
  • 1955 - 1990, 1999 - 2000
  • 1955 - 1990, 1999 - 2000

Throughout his career, Diamond kept a personal file in chronological order. Sometimes this file was primarily copies of the messages he sent, but at other times he included copies of incoming messages and copies of correspondence that had been sent to him by others. Occasionally a speech draft or a copy of minutes or other official documents are in the file. Although the papers are in one long chronological series, several distinct parts exist. The earliest file, dating from 1955 to 1958, is primarily outgoing messages and personal items on finances, travel arrangements, and publications. It includes information on EDI courses, Diamond's letters to Bank officials during his missions in Ethiopia, Greece, Turkey, and Tunisia; a letter to Newton Parker, March 24, 1958, on the roles of economic institutions in Honduras; and a memo to S.R. Cope of April 1, 1958, reporting on Davidson Sommers' meeting with a Yugoslav representative on future loans to Yugoslavia. An important series of files relate to Diamond's period in India as an advisor to ICICI. Beginning with his preparations in 1958 for the assignment, through the year in India, and continuing into 1960 after Diamond returned to the Bank, the files provide an exceptional view of the early organization of the ICICI and the establishment of its policies. Diamond included in the files incoming and outgoing correspondence, notes of meetings, reports, and clippings, as well as purely personal correspondence. Correspondents include Eugene Black and George D. Woods, the then current and future presidents of the World Bank; ICICI officials; Indian government officials and industrialists; the IBRD resident representatives in India and Pakistan; and various staff members in World Bank offices in Washington. Some items of correspondence discuss the establishment of the Pakistan Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation Limited and developments in Ethiopia. The bulk of the chronological file covers Diamond's assignments at the Bank between 1962 and 1978, when he retired. For the first eight years the files are primarily copies of Diamond's outgoing messages; thereafter the files increasingly include copies of incoming items, such as reports from the field and copies of items sent to him while he was on official missions. The files from the IFC period contain many items about the development banks in South Asia and North Africa. When Diamond was a director of country programs in the South Asia, the files include information on the Tarbela Dam project and the efforts to assist Bangladesh. The documents in these files are largely duplicates of those in the official files of the Bank, but their chronological arrangement allows the user to see the variety of issues that Diamond was handling at the same time and to trace the evolution of his and the Bank's responses to events. The final part of the series are files relating to Diamond's work as a consultant to IFC between 1980 and 1990. The earliest items relate to IFC's role in the work of the Societe Internatinonale Financiere pour les Investissements et le Developpement en Afrique (SIFIDA), but the bulk of the files relate to the Banco Portugues de Investimento SA (BPI). In 1978 a group of Portuguese industrialists created an Executive Group to develop a private financial institution to promote private economic development. They sought the involvement of the IFC, and the IFC engaged Diamond as its consultant on the BPI. This set of files includes both incoming and outgoing correspondence. The final items inthe Diamond papers are transcripts of two speeches that he gave, one in 1984 on the World Bank's policy on development banks and the other in 1999 on the beginnings of the Economic Development Institute. The Diamond papers are of particular importance to researchers interested in the history of development banks, especially those in India and Portugal, and the history of late twentieth century economic development in South Asia

Diamond, William

Records of the Office of the Chief Economist

  • WB IBRD/IDA DEC
  • Fondo
  • 1946 - 2003 (predominant 1972 - 1993)
  • 1946 - 2003 (predominant 1972 - 1993)

Records created by the Office of the Vice President (later Senior Vice President), Development Economics and Chief Economist (DECVP) comprise the bulk of the records in Fonds 14. Prior to the creation of DECVP in 1987, responsibility for directing economic research to provide insights into the development process rested with the persons serving as the Economic Adviser to the President in the 1960s and early 1970s, and later with the offices of the Vice President, Development Policy (VPD) and the Vice President, Economics and Research Staff (VPERS) whose records are part of this fonds. Files for both approved and rejected research projects in planning and development policy, population and human resources, industry and trade, and sector studies that were maintained in the offices of VPD, VPERS, and DECVP are included in this fonds.

This fonds also contains a small volume of records of the Bank's Economic Development Institute and records of the Bank's representatives to international organizations concerned with the development process: the Berne Union, the Paris Club, and U.N. organizations at Geneva, Switzerland. Also included are records of economist Bela Belassa who served from September 1966 to May 1991 as consultant to the Economic Advisers to the President, VPD, VPERS, and DECVP.

The following officials served during the period 1964 to 2003 in predecessor organizations or positions whose functions became part of DECVP in the 1987 Bank reorganization and as DECVP following that reorganization:

Economic Advisers

  • Irving Friedman: 1964 - 1970

  • Hollis B. Chenery: 1970 - 1972

Vice President, Development Policy (VPD)

  • Hollis B. Chenery: November 1972 - February 1982

Vice President, Economics and Research Staff (VPERS)

  • Hollis B. Chenery: February 1982 - August 1982

  • Anne Krueger: August 1982 - December 1986

  • Benjamin B. King (Acting): January 1987 - May 1987

Vice President and Chief Economist (DECVP)

  • Stanley Fischer: 1988 - 1990

  • Lawrence Summers: 1991 - 1993

  • Michael Bruno: 1993- 1996

  • Joseph E. Stiglitz: 1997 - 2000

  • Sir Nicholas H. Stern: 2000 - 2003.

Office of the Chief Economist

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